PHASIS is a new complete, user-friendly, classical astrology software with unique features. It can be used both by beginners and by professional astrologers and.
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- [Demetra George] Astrology and the Authentic Self(ellak.myerp.work) | Divination | Esoteric Cosmology
- Predictive Astrology: The Eagle and the Lark
- [Demetra George] Astrology and the Authentic Self(B-ok.xyz)
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En l'an The Future of the Past. Open Philology Project digitized books Loading Search This Blog. I moved it to its own space here beginning in The primary focus of the project is notice and comment on open access material relating to the ancient world, but I will also include other kinds of networked information as it comes available.
AWOL is the successor to Abzu , a guide to networked open access data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East and the Ancient Mediterranean world, founded at the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago in Together they represent the longest sustained effort to map the development of open digital scholarship in any discipline.
Pelagios Widget. D-Scribes: "Reuniting fragments, identifying scrib Inscripta: An e-learning resource on Romano-Britis Open Access Journal: Iggeret: The official newslet All' ombra del divino. Il significato dei ventagli Open Access Journal: In-Scription: revue en ligne Open Access Journal: Figura.
CapiTainS: Software suite and guidelines for Citab Digital Exhibition: Ancient Greek loom weights in Open Access Journal: Interdisciplinaria Archaeolog Livestream: The Archaeology of Cyprus and the Wide Enigma: Unpuzzling difficult Latin readings in med Sceaux et empreintes de sceau du Proche-Or Introducing a New Initiative: Eidolon in the Class East of Jordan: Travellers 'East of Jordan' in the A thorough understanding of a nativity can entail many pages of writing or many hours of spoken words; but in your actual interaction with a client, you can only convey a small fraction of what the chart indicates.
Within the context of a consultation, you have only a short time in which to make a genuine connection between a chart and its owner. How do you reconcile all that you perceive as the necessary informing background of the chart with what you can actually communicate in a limited period of time? This book sets forth a model of how to give one-hour consultations that include an analysis of both the natal chart and the current timing activations.
What distinguishes this model from other teachings that discuss synthesis and delineation is that it makes the main focus of the reading more than simply a description of character or prognostications about the future, although it will contain elements of both these perspectives. The challenge for you as an astrologer is not to demonstrate your skill at making accurate statements and predictions, but rather to create a space in which clients can see clearly into their own authentic natures.
This is the essential meaning of the birth chart. Before you can receive the divine spark of inspiration and the gifts of illumination that astrology has to offer, you must have a solid structural foundation, tightly constructed and well anchored in what the Greeks called techne—the technical aspects of the craft.
Without it, although you may give accurate and helpful readings, you will not be an astrologer. In the following pages, we will explore how to interpret the astrological code given at our birth as instructions for building a structure that can give shape and meaning to our lives.
It helps to have a plan. You must learn how to distinguish between what is significant and what is not, identify major themes quickly and easily, synthesize the chart in all its complexity, distill the chart down to what is essential, and finally communicate its meaning to your client in language that is accessible and in a tone that is both truthful and empowering.
The model presented here will help you make order out of chaos and simplicity out of complexity using a systematic approach to assembling the various components of the birth chart. The question that directs our investigation is what kinds of activities the chart supports for the living of a meaningful life with purposeful intention. Here is the blueprint for how we shall proceed. We will practice making simple one-sentence statements that integrate the meaning of a planet occupying a sign and a house, and ruling one or two other houses.
Then I will introduce the teachings of traditional astrology that evaluate the condition of a planet. Thus, some people will be able to bring about certain topics in their lives and not have success with others. As such, they can be said to represent the places in the chart that contain the vital essence of the life force whose outflow is directed toward the essential life purpose. I propose that the positions and conditions of the Ascendant and its ruler, the Sun, and the Moon establish the basic framework of the chart in which the essential meaning of the life purpose can be discerned.
The procedure is very simple, as it focuses on the evaluation of just four primary factors. However, the rules for evaluating these factors are comprehensive and detailed. In this model, the Sun signifies the intention of the soul and the content of the life purpose; the Moon represents the body that gives the soul life, the senses by which we perceive the world, and the practical means by which we actualize our purpose; the Ascendant and its ruler point to what motivates the soul to action and what topic steers the life on its course.
By the end of Part II, you will be able to delineate and express the main theme of a chart by considering only the positions of the Sun, the Moon, and the Ascendant and its ruler. The derivatives of the solar and lunar lights are the Lot of Fortune, the lunation phases, the lunar nodes, and eclipses that provide the secondary levels of meaning.
Within this context, the other configurations formed by the planets classical and modern , asteroids, fixed stars, and other sensitive points flesh out the structure by filling in the details and showing how aspect patterns tie the motifs together. This enables judgments about the topics of relationship, career, health, finances, etc.
This model gives you a hierarchy of timing techniques you can use to time the unfolding and realization of the life potential. It does not relegate discussion of timing to the end of the reading, but instead weaves it throughout the session when applicable to each component being examined. Part III concludes with a chapter that lays out the sequence and timing of a one-hour consultation, and gives suggestions about when to discuss and integrate the various factors that comprise the reading.
How do you treat clients with respect and sensitivity given that your beliefs and values may differ from theirs? We will explore how to use myth to raise issues and draw parallels that otherwise might be too painful or humiliating to address, yet may fester within. We will look at ways to frame the wounded-healer archetype as a model for compassion and selfless service to others. The ancient astrologer was a mediator between heaven and Earth who provided a sacred container through which the wisdom of the divine realm was distributed to human beings, helping them to move forward with their decisions and lives.
How do you bridge the gap between what you know about the chart through a deep and careful study of the various astrological factors, and what you actually say to a client who has come to you for guidance, often in a state of crisis? You must have a solid objective judgment of what a chart actually indicates before you begin to formulate what will be most helpful to your client. How can you be truthful, yet convey hope rather than despair? How do you acknowledge the truth of karma or fate, yet give redemptive meaning to suffering? PART I. To successfully delineate a chart, you must have a solid understanding of the meanings of these symbols and the capacity to combine and synthesize their significations.
If you already understand these principles, skim through this chapter and go on to chapter 2. If this is altogether new material for you, first familiarize yourself with the meanings of the basic symbols and the process of synthesizing the keywords of the astrological alphabet. There are many excellent books on this aspect of astrological interpretation.
Astrology for Yourself by Douglas Bloch and Demetra George will give you hands-on practice creating these sentences and other delineations using a programmed text format and your own chart. Learning to read a chart is like learning to read. Your first step in learning to read was to learn the letters of the alphabet; in astrology, you must memorize the glyphs of the planets and signs.
Take time to become familiar with writing and recognizing these glyphs before going any further in this lesson. Make yourself a set of flash cards, carry them around in your pocket, and get those images firmly imprinted in your mind. In first grade, you probably had a composition book in which you wrote out the letters of the alphabet—line after line of repetitions. Do the same for the astrological glyphs. Refine your penmanship—even though we are in the computer age in which no one actually writes long-hand anymore.
Once you learned to write the letters of alphabet, you began to associate them with their sounds and began to recognize words. In astrology, this corresponds to learning the individual significations of each planet, sign, and house. If you look at a planet in a particular sign and house and have no recollection of even one keyword for any one of the symbols, you cannot go any further in your studies.
On the back of your flashcards, write out a few basic meanings for each planet, sign, and house. Go over them until those meanings come instantaneously to mind. As an educator, I am an advocate of a certain amount of rote learning and memorization. It is the quickest way to develop proficiency in some contexts. Each of the three major components of the astrological language—signs, planets, and houses—has basic keywords associated with it. And each is located in a specific place in the astrological chart. These keywords combine to create astrological sentences that follow the conventions of grammatical structure.
And these sentences, which express the significations of a planet in a sign and house, form meaningful statements when combined in the proper sequence. An astrological birth chart, called a nativity by ancient astrologers, is a map of the positions of the planets as they surround a person at the exact time and place of birth. The person stands symbolically in the center of the circle. This astrological map is a representation of the three- dimensional celestial sphere that has been flattened to a two-dimensional plane, just as our geographical maps are flattened to depict a round Earth.
The horizontal line connecting the Ascendant and the Descendant is called the line of the horizon. It represents the place where the sky meets Earth at the moment of birth. The planets that are above the horizon are the planets that are visible in the sky when a person is born; the planets beneath the horizon are those that were on the other side of the Earth, and therefore not visible at the time of birth. Zodiacal Signs The first component of astrological interpretation is the zodiacal sign.
However, each person is more than just his or her Sun sign. If you look at the outer wheel of the sample chart, you can see the symbols for each of the other signs as well. Everyone has all twelve signs somewhere in their chart. From the perspective of modern astrology, the twelve signs represent the twelve universal psychological needs:. Leo—the need for creative expression and appreciation by others Virgo—the need to analyze, discriminate, and function efficiently Libra—the need to relate to others and create harmony and balance Scorpio—the need for deep involvements and intense transformations Sagittarius—the need to explore and expand mental and actual horizons Capricorn—the need for structure, organization, and discipline Aquarius—the need to innovate, be original, and create social change Pisces—the need to commit to a dream or ideal.
Look at the sample chart, and you will see that all twelve signs are depicted around the outer wheel. Since everyone has all twelve signs somewhere in their chart, everyone also has all twelve of the needs somewhere in their lives. The Wheel of Houses There are twelve houses, just as there are twelve signs. They are named by their position first house, second house, etc.
The houses represent twelve divisions or sectors of the zodiacal wheel, and they are usually, but not always, numbered in sequence. If you stand in the northern hemisphere and look south, east is on your left. Stop reading for a moment and orient yourself in this manner. The Ascendant degree represents the place of sunrise on the eastern horizon. The sign that was coming up over the eastern horizon at the time of birth is called the rising sign of the chart and the exact degree of that sign is called the Ascendant, often abbreviated as Asc.
The Ascendant is determined by the exact time of birth, and is one of the most sensitive and important points in the chart. Approximately every two hours, a new sign rises over the horizon. In the sample chart, the sign Sagittarius is the sign rising over the eastern horizon at the birth moment and it corresponds to the first house.
[Demetra George] Astrology and the Authentic Self(ellak.myerp.work) | Divination | Esoteric Cosmology
The Ascendant As. The Sun rises in the east and ascends toward the south. Then the Sun begins to descend and, when it reaches the western horizon, it sets. This point in the chart is marked by the Descendant, often abbreviated as Desc. The Descendant is not always depicted on the chart, depending upon the chart software used. Finally, the Sun sinks below the horizon and, around midnight, reaches what is called the IC Imum Coelii. These four points— the Ascendant, Midheaven, Descendant, and IC—are orientated to the four directions and referred to as the four angles.
They represent places of great strength within the chart. Most chart printouts will have symbols for the Ascendant and Midheaven, but not the Descendant, which is always the same degree in the sign opposite the Ascendant As. Do you see that the Sun in the twelfth house has already risen above the horizon? Try this again with your own chart. Do you see how the placement of the Sun corresponds to the time of day at which you were born?
The four quarters are subdivided to create the twelve houses of the chart. We will use the Whole Sign house system here. In the Whole Sign house system, the entirety of your rising sign, regardless of its degree, occupies the first house. Also note that, in the Whole Sign house system, the degrees of the MC and IC are not necessarily the beginnings of the tenth and fourth houses, as they are in quadrant house systems.
We will discuss this more in the next chapter. The sign that follows Sagittarius is Capricorn, and all of the degrees of Capricorn occupy his whole second house, all of the degrees of Aquarius occupy his third house, and so on. The houses represent the various fields of life activities. As a whole, they represent all the different experiences that we encounter from birth to death. Each house has a number of different related significations, but the basic keywords for each house are as follows:. First house—body, appearance, character Second house—personal money, possessions, livelihood Third house—siblings, relatives, short-distance travel, communications Fourth house—parents, home, land Fifth house—children, romance and pleasurable pursuits, creative arts Sixth house—health, injuries, job, daily routine and regimen, servants Seventh house—marriage and business partnerships Eighth house—death and benefits gained from death inheritances , money received from others Ninth house—long-distance travel, higher education, religion, belief system Tenth house—profession, reputation, actions Eleventh house—friends, associates, group affiliations Twelfth house—sorrows, afflictions, enemies, karma, what is hidden, transcendence.
Now you are ready to combine the meaning of a sign and a house. Remember, the signs represent the basic universal psychological needs and the houses represent the areas of life activities. A particular sign occupying a particular house points to the specific area of life activities in which a person experiences a particular need. However, because of the time of day we were born—and therefore our rising sign and the sequence of signs in our houses—those needs come out in different areas of life activities for each of us.
This is where we are all different. Bill has Gemini occupying his seventh house. Where do you have Gemini in your chart? What is the area of life in which you have a particular need to communicate? Planets The third factor in the astrological language is the planets. Look at the glyphs that appear within the various houses.
These are the symbols of the planets, and each planet is notated with the exact degree and minute of the sign that it occupies. In the sample chart, the Sun is depicted by a circle with the dot in the center.
Predictive Astrology: The Eagle and the Lark
From the perspective of modern astrology, the planets represent the basic psychological functions or faculties common to all people. They can also be said to correspond to all the different parts of our personalities, each with its own persona and agenda telling us to do or be something different. In the same way that the Sun is the center of the solar system and all the planets revolve around it, the Sun in the chart is the center or heart of our being and ultimately each of the other planetary functions must be integrated with it before we can make a decision or take an action.
The psychological functions of the planets are:. Sun—basic identity, will, and conscious purpose Moon—emotions, feelings, habitual responses Mercury—capacity to think, speak, learn, and reason Venus—capacity to attract what is loved and valued Mars—capacity to act and be assertive based on desire Jupiter—search for meaning, truth, and ethical values Saturn—capacity to create order, form, and discipline Uranus—unique individuality and urge for liberation Neptune—capacity to transcend the finite self through union with a larger whole Pluto—capacity to transform and renew.
In addition to the planets, there are many asteroids and other minor bodies that we will discuss later. Some of their symbols may appear in your chart printout. Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta Chiron. In the modern psychological model, the planets represent various functions of the personality or various forces operating in the human psyche. Each part of the personality operates in a certain manner that is described by the sign in which it is placed, and it operates in a different field of activities that is designated by its house position.
In a sense, the planet is the Who, the sign is the How, and the house is the Where. If the Sun is the symbol of your identity and purpose, and it is in the sign of Aries, you will operate primarily in an independent manner; if it is in Taurus, in a resourceful manner; in Gemini, in a communicative manner. If that Aries Sun is in your second house, you will be geared toward achieving financial independence; if it is located in your seventh house, you will seek independence in relationships; if it is located in your tenth house, you will seek independence in your profession.
The simple sentence that expresses the Sun in Aries in the second house might read: Your basic purpose is to develop independence in generating the resources you need to secure your livelihood. You must take the interpretation of a planet one step further by integrating the meaning of the house that it rules. Thus, in our example, you must also look to the house that the Sun rules, which will be the house that is occupied by Leo. In chapter 2, we will discuss planetary rulership of signs.
If Leo occupies your ninth house higher education , it will be through your educational endeavors that your financial independence is realized. Or if Leo occupies your eleventh house, friends and group affiliations will play a central role in how you earn your money. In this example, with Aries in your second house, Leo occupies your sixth house, and the topic of health and daily regimen may be an important factor in your money-making activities.
We can also posit that, through experiences of suffering, alienation, and loss, he will be brought to his higher purpose in life.
Because Leo occupies the ninth house, his explorations in higher education and spirituality play a central role in the realization of his life purpose. Aspects The last major component of astrological interpretation is the aspects.
[Demetra George] Astrology and the Authentic Self(B-ok.xyz)
Aspects refer to the arc of separation or angular distance between the planets. When planets are located at a certain distance from one another, they are connected in some intrinsic manner that is either harmonious or challenging. Different astrologers use different orbs ranges of degrees from exactitude for measuring aspects. Sometimes you will see aspects depicted in the center of the chart wheel as lines connecting the various planets, with the glyphs for the aspects inserted upon the lines. At other times, you may see an aspect grid on one of the bottom corners of the chart printout, listing the planets horizontally and vertically, with the glyph of the aspect that connects them.
Planets, as the various functions of the psyche, can interact in harmonious, neutral, or antagonistic ways with other planets, just as we get along with some people, are neutral toward some, and have ongoing conflict with others. This condition of sympathies and antipathies exists within each of us as well. Traditional astrology recognizes five different aspects—the conjunction, the sextile, the square, the trine, and the opposition.
These five aspects depict the ease or difficulty with which the planets interact. Conjunctions occur when planets occupy the same sign or are in close proximity in adjacent signs. The conjunction represents an intermingling of the natures of the two planets. Sextiles occur when planets are approximately 60 degrees apart.
The sextile indicates that there is a mildly harmonious and sympathetic relationship between the planets involved. Squares occur when planets are approximately 90 degrees apart. The square points to a tense or challenging interaction between the planets involved. Trines occur when planets are approximately degrees apart.
The trine indicates that there is an extremely harmonious and sympathetic relationship between the planets involved. Oppositions occur when planets are approximately degrees apart. The opposition suggests that there is an adversarial and antagonistic relationship between the planets involved.
Different astrologers use different sets of orbs ranges in order to define the exact distances at which planets may be connected in all of the above relationships. The orbs most commonly used by modern astrologers are:. Conjunction—10 degrees on either side of exactitude at 0 degrees Sextile—6 degrees on either side of exactitude at 60 degrees Square—8 degrees on either side of exactitude at 90 degrees Trine—8 degrees on either side of exactitude at degrees Opposition—10 degrees on either side of exactitude at degrees.
The interpretation of aspects on the simplest level requires a complex sentence that is formed by two individual sentences linked by a verb. In the language of astrology, this consists of one sentence for each planet in its own sign and house, joined by a verb that describes the nature of the relationship. If your second-house Sun in Aries is also square to your Moon in Cancer in your fifth house, the complex sentence might read: Your basic purpose to develop independence in generating the resources you need to secure your livelihood creates ongoing tension with your emotional need to dedicate yourself to nurturing your children.
A planet often has more than one aspect to another planet, and the development of its various interactions generates a paragraph. These additional factors modify its meaning and expression in a particular chart in complex and subtle ways. And the timing with which certain planetary patterns become activated during the course of a life generates even more paragraphs. However, just as you can write a whole collection of paragraphs, but still not have a coherent paper, you can generate a whole collection of astrological sentences without creating a synthesis of the chart as a whole.
What you need is a unifying theme that links all of the individual statements into a coherent analysis. The art of astrology entails more than just the creation of these simple and complex sentences describing how and where each planet expresses itself in accordance with its sign, house, and aspects. It also entails a realization that planets vary in their capacity to accomplish the matters they represent, depending on their sign, house, and aspects. While this was the fundamental starting point for traditional astrology, it has not been widely discussed in contemporary astrological literature.
In the next chapter, you will learn how to evaluate the relative strength and weakness of each planet. Choose someone who is open to the idea and willing to discuss his or her chart with you and give you feedback. To test your readiness to continue, write out the following simple sentences about the chart you have chosen. Create twelve sentences that blend the meaning of each sign with the house it occupies. Create ten sentences, one for each planet, that synthesize the meaning of the planet with the sign and house it occupies, as well as the house or houses it rules.
Determine three different aspects between different sets of planets. Create three sentences, one for each aspect, that factor the sign and house for each planet involved and the nature of the relationship between them, as determined by the aspect that links them. For now, use the orbs and manner of determining aspects with which you are familiar. The purpose of this exercise is to assess your interpretive skills. If you are not thoroughly familiar with the basic meaning of the individual components of the astrological alphabet and how to create simple sentences using those terms, work through Astrology For Yourself Bloch and George before going on to the next chapter.
Or try some of the other practical guides for beginning astrologers that are given in the bibliography. The classical texts of Hellenistic, Medieval, Renaissance, and Indian Vedic astrologers are filled with voluminous teachings on the subject of planetary condition, with elaborate rules, formulas, and details aimed at gaining a thorough understanding of both the effectiveness of each planet to bring about the matters it signifies and its capacity to provide the circumstances for positive outcomes in life. For the first years of the Western astrological tradition, the doctrines concerning planetary condition were an integral component of chart analysis.
It is only with the beginning of the 20th century that they have fallen out of use. Now, in the first decade of the 21st, these first principles of astrological analysis are being reintroduced into the community as a result of the translation of ancient Greek and Latin astrological texts into English. This simplified analysis of planetary condition will become an integral part of how you delineate a chart, and will prepare you for further studies in traditional astrology if you want to pursue them.
The notion that some planets are better than others in any particular chart due to their condition stands in stark contrast to the modern psychological model in which every planet is equal in its capacity to bring about the matters it represents—albeit in different ways. The twelve-letter alphabet proposes that planets, signs, and houses are fundamentally the same and interchangeable. This book assumes planets, signs, and houses each have distinct meanings and cannot be interchanged.
The modern rulership system designates Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto as rulers of the signs Aquarius, Pisces, and Scorpio, respectively. This book uses the traditional assignments whereby Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars rule these signs. The outer planets and the asteroids are not used as rulers of signs. Modern astrology is ambivalent about addressing problematic conditions indicated by chart factors. These factors are seen as lessons for further growth—if they are acknowledged at all.
However, it is important to recognize that bad things happen to people and that certain astrological factors can and do indicate these misfortunes. In previous eras, astrologers realized that some charts or planets were weak and difficult, and that the owners of these charts or planets were less likely to manifest certain parts of their lives, and more likely to encounter unhappiness, loss, and misfortune.
This may seem like an overly fatalistic view, negating the value of many self-help techniques like positive thinking, creative visualization, and therapeutic processes that develop greater self- awareness and the power of free will to co-shape our lives. However, the reality is that, for many people, despite their best efforts and excellent aspirations, life continues to be filled with loneliness, unrealized potential, suffering, and failure.
From an astrological perspective, the poor condition of certain planets in the chart can indicate that these individuals may have an extremely difficult time bringing about certain matters in ways that will benefit them. Vedic and Tibetan astrology offer remedial measures to offset these difficulties—the healing power of gemstones, mantras, amulets, and good actions.
Prayer, meditation, and spiritual practice can also mitigate limiting belief patterns or toxic emotional habits. Western magical tradition offers ceremonial rituals and talismans that can avert negative energies and attract positive ones. And modern psychotherapy reaches into the subconscious to surface and release the memories of forgotten traumas that hold us back from the realization of our full potential.
This raises a philosophical issue. For, while each life may have a purpose, not every person has the same ability or resources to fulfill that purpose. To what extent is a planet effective in bringing about the matters it signifies? The ways in which each planet is modified based upon its sign, house, aspects, and relationship to the Sun determine its capacity to be effective and favorable in a chart.
It may seem at times that you are being overly harsh and dogmatic in assessing the condition of a planet. The reason for this is that, as an astrologer, you want to be clear about just what you are seeing and the actual strengths and weaknesses present. However, as a counselor, it is advisable to temper your statements, unless you are sure that your client wants the hard, cold truth, no matter what it is.
In practice, you will use the information gained from this preliminary analysis to inform and steer clients into areas of life where their efforts are more likely to produce successful and positive outcomes. For the sake of thoroughness, I will mention what I am omitting from this discussion as well as elaborate upon what I have decided to include. We will use them all, but in different ways. The seven visible planets are the rulers of signs and thus of the houses occupied by those signs.
The houses have topical meanings— finances, health, marriage, children, profession—and these seven planets have the responsibility for rendering judgment and bringing about the affairs associated with each of the twelve houses. It is only to these seven visible planets that we will apply all the rules of planetary condition. We will apply some of the rules to the remaining planets where applicable. Although we will incorporate the outer planets in our interpretation of the meaning of the chart, we will not credit them with rendering judgment or bringing about events associated with the topics designated by the houses, because we are not using them as rulers of signs.
However, to the extent that they occupy a house, the outer planets influence the matters of that house; and to the extent that they are configured aspect to planets, they influence the actions of that planet. The outer planets also have profound effects on the life, as evidenced by transits and progressions to them and by them. Neither the asteroids nor the other minor planets rule signs, but like the outer planets, they influence the houses they occupy. Their strongest effect is as a shaping influence over the planets that they conjoin or oppose. This is where you will most often use the mythological motifs of the deities that share the same names as the minor bodies see chapter 9.
However, like the outer planets, they are not subject to most of the rules of planetary condition. The seven visible planets can be classified into three categories: gender, benefic or malefic nature, and sect. The gender conditions will not be included in this discussion, nor will all the details of sect rejoicing conditions, although these terms are defined in the Glossary.
The planets can be classified according to their benefic or malefic natures in recognition that there is both good and bad in the world and that there exist both favorable and unfavorable conditions that influence the life force. The benefic planets, Venus and Jupiter, are said to produce good for the individual according to both their general significations and the particular topics they rule in any given chart in accordance with the house or houses occupied by the sign they rule.
The malefic planets, Mars and Saturn, produce difficulties in the life. Mercury can be either malefic or benefic, depending on the preponderance of malefic or benefic planets with which it is configured. This is not an absolute determination, as certain factors can modify the basically beneficial nature of Venus and Jupiter and the natural malefic tendencies of Mars and Saturn. Thus the benefic and malefic planets can all get better or worse, depending on their overall condition, and thus be more or less helpful to the contribution of favorable outcomes for the topics they signify and rule.
Think about planting a seed; warmth and moisture will enable it to grow, while excessive cold and lack of water will deter its growth. And consider how the Greeks viewed their gods. Ares Mars had a lust for bloodshed and battle and was hated by everyone; Aphrodite Venus , embodiment of beauty, was loved and desired by all.
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For our purposes, we will note if a planet is a natural benefic or malefic as a baseline for whether it does good or bad, and then determine to what extent that inherent good or bad is made better or worse by other factors. Sect considerations recognize the primacy of the Sun and Moon as the two luminaries. If the chart is diurnal, the Sun is the sect leader, and the planets that belong to the sect in favor are Jupiter, Saturn, and Mercury if Mercury is a morning star, i.
If the chart is nocturnal, the Moon is the sect leader, and the planets that belong to the sect in favor are Venus, Mars, and Mercury if Mercury is an evening star, i. Mercury tips the balance in favor of one sect or the other. The two sects, diurnal and nocturnal, can be likened to two political factions.
The planets that belong to the sect in favor generally work on behalf of the individual, and their actions are generally favorable to guiding the life in the right direction. The planets of the sect in favor are charged with the authority to run the life and their actions tend toward favorable outcomes. But these planets may or may not be well equipped to handle the task, depending on their overall condition in the chart. Note that, when a benefic planet does not belong to the sect in favor, while its actions may be pleasant and enjoyable, those activities may lead the person off course for example, partying through college and thus not graduating.
Thus the Sun is the sect leader, and its sect mates, Saturn and Jupiter, have the edge in terms of their authority to bring about successful outcomes. The nocturnal planets—the Moon, Venus, Mars, and Mercury because it is an evening star —do not belong to the sect in favor and thus their actions are at some disadvantage to the owner of the chart. Zodiacal Sign Rulerships Modern astrology approaches the delineation of planets in signs as the twelve various manners in which planets operate, and psychological interpretation adds that the signs describe the twelve basic needs of the psyche.
For example, a person with the Moon in Taurus may have an emotional need for stability and financial security, while appreciating the finer things in life. Someone with the Moon in Scorpio may have a powerful and penetrating emotional nature that tends toward secrecy and keeping feelings internalized. While all this may be true on the level of the personality and psyche, the modern approach does not take into account that someone with the Moon in Taurus may have a better chance of achieving financial security and high status with reference to the houses that the Moon both occupies and rules, or that someone with the Moon in Scorpio may have a more difficult time getting his or her emotional needs respected and understood and have difficulty manifesting the significations of the houses the Moon occupies and rules.
The notion that planets in each of the zodiacal signs are not equal in their capacity to indicate favorable life circumstances is politically incorrect in modern practice, but it is a fundamental operating principle in traditional astrology. It is the signs themselves that determine the resources that each planet has to accomplish its intentions, and some signs are more hospitable to certain planets than others.
This leads us to the doctrine of planetary rulership. Modern astrology retains knowledge of rulership by domicile and exaltation for example, the Moon is the ruler of Cancer, or Saturn is exalted in Libra , but has lost the usage of rulership by trigon, bound, and decan. When a planet occupies a sign in which it is exalted, it will achieve honor, respect, and recognition with regard to its significations. When a planet occupies a sign in which it is in detriment opposite its rulership sign or fall opposite its exaltation sign , it is less powerful because it is impoverished or not respected, and thus subdued in its capacity to be effective.
Table 1 on page 42 gives the domicile, detriment, exaltation, and fall for each of the planets. How were the planets assigned to the various signs in which they have rulership? The common assumption is that this was done according to the principle of affinity—that planets are similar to the signs they rule. However, the original reasoning was based on the geometrical order of the distances of the planets from the Sun and their speeds.
The Hellenistic texts refer frequently to the thema mundi, the chart of the creation of the world. Firmicus Maternus tells us that this was a teaching device, not an actual chart, first taught by the mythic sage Hermes Trismegistus to illustrate the fundamental concepts of the astrological system. In Egyptian tradition, the beginning of the new year and hence also the birth day of the world was timed to the heliacal rising of the star Sirius that took place in the summertime and heralded the rising of the Nile.
In a summer chart, when the Sun is in Leo, the sign Cancer rises in the pre-dawn hours when the heliacal rising of stars or planets can be seen. Table 1. Both of the lights occupied the signs in which there were the most hours of daylight. Then, according to legend, Mercury, which followed the Sun in speed, had its dwelling in Virgo, the sign following Leo; then Venus in the next sign of Libra, Mars in Scorpio, Jupiter in Sagittarius, and Saturn in Capricorn.
Further elaboration on this seminal chart had the same order of the planets fanning out from the Moon in Cancer in a clockwise direction, with Mercury in Gemini, Venus in Taurus, Mars in Aries, Jupiter in Pisces, and Saturn in Aquarius, forming a mirror image of the counterclockwise arrangement from the Sun. Each planet, except the Sun and Moon, resided in two signs, one masculine and one feminine.
It was thought that the positions the planets occupied at the birth of the world were the signs in which they had the greatest power. Thema mundi, chart of the creation of the world. As you can see, the traditional assignments of planets as ruling certain signs were based on a geometric rationale of planetary distances and speeds. When the modern outer planets Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto were discovered, they were arbitrarily given certain signs to rule, displacing the traditional rulers of those signs. The reasoning behind these new rulerships is not altogether clear.
Some astrologers attempt an explanation in terms of affinities in that the planets are like the signs. However, the modern rulerships do not conform to the inherent underlying order and symmetry that exists in the traditional system. Traditional and modern rulerships. The relationship between a planet and its domicile can be likened to that of a lord or lady to an estate. This system of domicile lords mirrored the very important sanctity of the guest-host relationship in the ancient world—a relationship that fell under the auspices of Zeus himself.
If, at the birth, a planet is posited in its own domicile for example, Mercury in Gemini or the Sun in Leo , it is as if it were at home, where it has great stability and is in command of all of its own resources to care for its needs and accomplish its intentions. We say that it has great power because it has the wherewithal—money, connections, education, credentials, opportunities—to bring about whatever it signifies. However, the ancient texts do not explicitly single out the difficulties of a planet in detriment, nor do the classical Vedic texts.
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The correlate to this is that each planetary lord or lady is responsible for providing for any planet that happens to occupy its own domicile. For example, no matter what sign the Moon is in in any given chart, as the domicile lady of Cancer, her duty as hostess is to welcome and provide for any planet that is posited in Cancer out of her own basket of significations in accordance with her sign and house position in that chart.
This is considered to benefit each planet, as they exchange places. Trading homes with someone, while not as good as being in your own home, certainly leaves you with more control over your circumstances than being a guest. When a planet occupies a sign in which it is exalted, it is held in high esteem and treated as a favored guest. When a planet occupies the sign opposite its exaltation sign, it is said to be depressed or in its fall, being cast down and in disrepute.
Again, this hints at an underlying geometric order informing the assignment of planetary exaltation rulerships of signs. Planetary domiciles and exaltations. The inner circle depicts the planets in their domicile signs. The outer circle depicts the planets in their exaltation signs. Thus, when evaluating the condition of a planet according to its sign, determine whether or not it occupies its own domicile.
If it does, this is a fortunate condition that denotes power and the potential for accomplishing its significations, both general and particular. When a planet is in a sign of its exaltation, it bodes well for success through recognition and honor; when a planet is in a sign of its fall, the individual is less likely to receive honor and recognition in the areas signified by that planet and the houses it rules.
Mercury, occupying the first house and ruling the seventh relationship and tenth profession , is problematic because it is placed in Sagittarius, one of the signs of its detriment. Saturn, occupying the fifth house children and ruling the second finances and third siblings has some misfortune because it in Aries, the sign of its fall. But it is in mutual reception with Mars, which gives it power Mars rules Aries and Saturn rules Aquarius. Mars in Aquarius is in mutual reception with Saturn. The other planets do not occupy any signs of their domicile or exaltation rulerships or their opposites.
How would you rank these planets in the order of most to least powerful, based upon their sign rulerships as indications of their access to resources to accomplish their effects? Houses The Whole Sign house system was the system of choice for the first years of astrological practice, during the Hellenistic cultural era. In the Whole Sign house system, the houses and signs are co-incident—one entire sign occupies an entire house. This system was used to investigate the topics signified by each house—health, marriage, parents, children, or profession.
The ancient texts discuss other house systems for example, the Porphyry , but these were used for specific inquiries, particularly inquiries about how strong or energetic each planet is, especially for length-of-life considerations. Vedic astrology, like Hellenistic, uses Whole Sign houses for topical inquiries and a variation of the Porphyry system for determinations of planetary strength.
Over the centuries, many other house systems have been developed and used by the various astrological traditions. In Whole Sign houses, each house begins at 0 degrees of a sign and ends at 30 degrees of that same sign. The Ascendant sign determines the sign of the first house, and the degree of the Ascendant falls somewhere in that house. All the planets that are located in that sign are considered first-house planets in terms of the topics that the first house signifies.
The sign following the Ascendant sign occupies the entirety of the second house, and so on. Note that this is not the same as the Equal House system, in which the degree on the Ascendant becomes the beginning degree of the signs on the cusps of each successive house. Firmicus Maternus discusses the Equal House system in his work. In Whole Sign houses, there are no intercepted houses, and ancient texts make no reference whatsoever to planets in intercepted signs. The use of Whole Sign houses brings the chart into more of an archetypal pattern. For example, as in our sample chart, everyone who has Sagittarius rising has Gemini occupying the seventh house and Virgo occupying the tenth.
Thus all Sagittarius-rising individuals have the topics of marriage and career linked under the auspices of Mercury, which rules both Gemini and Virgo. The houses are classified according to three categories that affect the condition of planets located in them: angularity, good and bad places, and joys. Traditional meanings of the houses.
Angular houses: 1, 4, 7, 10 Succedent houses: 2, 5, 8, 11 Cadent houses: 3, 6, 9, 12 Good houses: 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11 Bad houses: 2, 6, 8, 12 Modern astrology still retains the notion of angular, succedent, and cadent houses. The first, fourth, seventh, and tenth houses are angular. The second, fifth, eighth, and eleventh houses are succedent. The third, sixth, ninth, and twelfth houses are cadent. Before you go any further, however, divest yourself of any association of the angular houses with the cardinal signs Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn , the succedent houses with the fixed signs Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius , or the cadent houses with the mutable signs Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, and Pisces.
In general, traditional astrology interprets the relative angularity of a house as giving a planet the strength to manifest its significations as external events. Thus the significations of planets in angular houses tend to be much more dramatic and prominent in the life. But why is this? Robert Schmidt, chief translator of the Hellenistic texts published by Project Hindsight, has proposed the following insight based on his interpretation of the meanings of the ancient Greek words used to describe this concept.
The proper question, he claims, is: To what extent is the planet able to focus and direct its actions and activities upon the individual? Thus it is moderately effective in taking care of business. But the action of a planet in a cadent house is distracted and predominantly directed away from the business of the life agenda. Thus, at least on the level of the manifestation of outer events, not much happens. A modern understanding might speculate that activities of life occur in the inner world of the mind for planets located in cadent houses —a concept that was not articulated by ancient thinkers.
The second category—good and bad houses—speaks to whether the actions of planets located in these houses lead to favorable outcomes for the individual. Bad houses are those that are not configured to the Ascendant by any of these aspects. Note that traditional astrology does not use the semi-sextile degree or quincunx degree aspects as valid configurations.
The bad houses are the second, sixth, eighth, and twelfth. These signify respectively livelihood; illness, injuries and slavery; death; and confinement, loss, and sorrow. All but the second-house meanings are obvious as topics that are not favorable to the life. Perhaps the notion of excessive materiality, wherein greed is the root of all evil, is implied in the negative association of the second house, but this is only a supposition on my part. According to traditional astrology, the good houses are ranked in descending order of goodness: first, tenth, eleventh, fifth, seventh, fourth, ninth, and third.
The bad houses are ranked in ascending order of badness: second, eighth, sixth, and twelfth. Let us be clear. Planets in bad houses are not bad, nor are the actions of the individual in question bad. Nor is it certain that the life in question will turn out to be awful. It is simply that the outcomes of the activities associated with planets occupying good or bad houses are more or less favorable to the life force and the realization of ambitions.
Some traditional astrologers have proposed that benefic planets in bad houses help to prevent some bad outcomes. It may help to think of these good and bad houses as profitable or unprofitable, as these terms were often used as synonyms for good and bad by Hellenistic authors when referring to houses.
Houses refer to location as places that are more or less conducive to doing business. Think of a store being placed in a good location—on a busy street with ample parking, or at the main crossroads of a mall where there is a lot of pedestrian traffic. Now think of that same store in an obscure alley or dangerous part of town where shoppers are less likely to venture or pass by.
It is reasonable to assume that the store would be more profitable in the first location than in the second. So it is with good and bad houses. The actions of planets in these houses result in outcomes that are either profitable to the individual or not—not just in terms of money, but in terms of long-term implications for the life. When we begin to delineate the meanings of the planets, we will look at planets that are powerful by sign, but weak by house, and those that are weak by sign, but strong by house.
And remember that bad houses can become good house when you use the system of derived houses for a particular investigation. For example, if you are investigating the topic of profession, which is signified by the tenth house, the second house is the fifth from the tenth in a trine relationship; thus, in the context of profession, it is a good house.
Then we will determine whether its placement in a good or bad house points to the favorable or profitable outcome of its actions. Moon, Mars, and Juno are in the third house, which is cadent and weak, but mildly good. Jupiter is in the fourth house, which is angular and good. Saturn and Vesta are in the fifth house, which is succedent and good.
Uranus is in the sixth house, which is cadent and bad. Pallas and Pluto are in the ninth house, which is cadent and good. Ceres and Neptune are in the tenth house, which is angular and good. The Sun is in the twelfth house, which is cadent and bad. So the benefic Venus, Mercury also probably a benefic due to its close association with Venus , the benefic Jupiter, the asteroid Ceres, and the outer planet Neptune are all in angular houses. Their activities are totally focused on the life agenda of the native and are likely to indicate dramatic and significant events. Because these houses are also good houses, their outcomes are likely to be favorable.
Vesta, malefic Saturn, and Chiron are in succedent houses, which indicates that only a moderate amount of their focus is directed toward the life and the achievement of the ambitions. However, the outcomes of Vesta and Saturn in the good fifth house are favorable, while those of Chiron in the bad eighth house are not. Moon, Juno, malefic Mars, Uranus, Pallas, Pluto, and the Sun are all in cadent houses, which suggests that the actions of these planets are distractive and divert Bill from his ultimate goal. Only the Sun in the bad twelfth house and Uranus in the bad sixth house indicate unfavorable or unprofitable consequences for their actions.
So far, based on the conditions of sect, sign rulership, and house angularity, which planet do you think will be the most effective and favorable? Consider that Jupiter, belonging to the sect in favor, occupying its own domicile Pisces, and located in an angular and good house, is shaping up to be a good contender for the best planet.