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The unit was last here six months ago. Mr Pheely said the education unit offered full assessment of people tested and recommendations if any were required. The Senator said he had told candidates to get off the GST issue and onto unemployment. The growers continued to question him on the GST! Weekdays: 8. We contacted both because the Goods and Service Tax issue needed clarification. Each was. They have also accepted an offer of a similar amount of space in next week's edition. Usually, the Mirror offers all candidates equal space in the final issue before an election to sum up their campaigns People had faxed questions in to Hewson trying to get more information on GST.

Hewson only seemed interested in the next radio show wlAjch he wanted on unemployment. Laws then hit the nail right on the head when he said to Hewson "You are still not listening to the people. Here is a classic example of 'party politics' that ALL major parties adopt. Politicians don't want to know our problems because they created them.

There is a section in CIR which allows the people the power to dismiss a public servant who is not following the will of the people. Did they realise how much power it gave to the people? With them is principal Shane Urquhart. After four years on the Capricorn Coast she is returning home to the Brisbane-Gold Coast area - "but I'm very keen to see our local arts committee continue strongly, so I'm flat out trying to encourage good people to get involved".

She said committee members' duties were not arduous but the work they were doing was important to the area. Margot Taylor says council and State Government grants have been given for a wide range of Livingstone Shire projects. They include mobile workshops for screen printing and lead-lighting enabling them to travel to outlying areas from Marlborough to Keppel Sands.

Other grants through the local Regional Arts Development Fund have been made for folk singing, a Yeppoon Town Hall ballet performance, visiting lecturers for the Suzuki violin programme, Yeppoon Writers' Club and a pottery workshop. Margot Taylor said the committee was now looking for new ideas; schemes that help to increase individual artistic skills and encourage community participation anti enjoyment. The thieves gained entry by forcing the rear door.

Two suspects were interviewed and charged the same day. Const Dave Tolsher said this week the Bcachside 66 proprietor discovered he had been broken into when he opened the shop at 5. I gave chase and apprehended him. Sgt Campbell said the boat was uninsured. It was plucked out by cranes on Sunday and is now being repaired. Last Friday a rescue vessel was sent out to tow a trawler in the mouth of the narrows in Curtis Island to Port Alma. Volunteers assisted a foot vessel on the weekend after rope became wrapped around its prop shaft and the rudder was jammed.

Yeppoon Coastguard volunteers freed the shaft and fixed the rudder, allowing the vessel to continue to Rosslyn Bay Harbour under its own steam. Mainly alcohol was stolen. Emu Park policeman Const Graham Seabrook said nothing else had happened during the week. Yeppoon Fire Brigade reported a small fire on Sunday night and said it was under investigation by police. There were no other fires before Monday. Yeppoon Ambulance reported a quiet week.

The mobile unit, a coverted bus, is covering an area between Cairns and Gladstone and west to Longreach. It was donated by Mitre 10 to the Heart Foundation and is manned by voluntary staff from the Central Queensland University nursing faculty. Normally the unit is operated by a facilitator, four assistants and a driver.

Mr Pheely said the voluntary staff made the scheme possible because his foundation had a battle just meeting normal running costs. The Heart Foundation also operates another mobile unit in the southern section of the State which was donated by Jupiters Casino. Who frightens you most? Keating and his Labor mismanagement? I don't! Both Parties will abolish tariffs. This will destroy our farmers and jobs in Jobs are being exported overseas. Make the towns and cities. Already 70 percent of a stand, now. Vote for Australia. It's Time. As a year-old she was unknowingly beginning a career which would span 28 years of her life and culminate only last week.

Wendy Thiele has been cheerfully tending the needs of motorists at the Mobil service station, Yeppoon, for all those years. She retired from the business she almost considered a home on Saturday. She began her job carting fuel from Rockhampton to Yeppoon and after a few years became a permanent driveway attendant at the Park Street station. Her career has witnessed many changes in Yeppoon, the types of vehicles and fuel prices, but not in the one aspect of the job she loved people.

Mrs Thiele said some of the customers remained the same for the entire 28 years and a few had even retained original cars. Wendy's old-fashioned approach to customers, personalised treatment and friendly manner were obviously appreciated by clients and will be missed. She has been opening the business as early as 5. Wendy is hoping to fine-tune her golf game and look after her blue-heeler which wandered into the service station more than 12 months ago. Over the years she has outlasted a succession of five bosses but ironically finished her career employed by brother and sister-in-law Nev and Carole Welfare.

She recalls first arriving in Yeppoon in when the town was a quiet, sleepy village with no water supply or sewerage. More than 90 per cent of them I will probably never see again because we only met in the station driveway. Hans was a well-known bus driver in the area until his death in Wendy, who turned 59 a week before her retirement, said her time at the service station had been most enjoyable and she would not have changed anything. Long-time customer Mick Parker said he had been coming to the station and seeing Wendy for as long as he could remember. He said the station had a real family feeling and he always enjoyed having a yarn to her.

Judging by the relaxed atmosphere at her second-last day and the number of motorists who took time out to share a word or two with her, Mick is not the only one who will miss her. There are general, Christian and Christian teaching movies, children's Christian and general movies, Christian music and all Christian literature. The shop will al.

The church's office will be in the front of the office. Ordinary vote The easiest way to have your say on election day is to go to any polling place in your own electoral division and cast an ordinary vote. Polling places will be open from Sam-6pm on Saturday March Absent vote If you'll be outside your division on election day, just go to any polling place in your home state and ask for an absent vote.

Pre-poll vote If you'll be interstate, or if you won't be able to get to a polling place, you'll need to vote before election day with a pre-poll vote. You're eligible to vote early if, on election day, you will be: interstate or overseas; more than 8km from a polling place; approachifig motherhood, seriously ill, or caring for someone who is; unable to vote on a Saturday because of your religious beliefs or unable to leave work.

Where to pre-poll vote If you're eligible, simply cast a pre-poll vote at any Australian Electoral Commission Office addresses and phone numbers are listed in your telephone book or at a pre-poll voting centre. The locations of pre-poll voting centres will be advertised in newspapers. Postal vote If it's easier, you can pre-poll vote by post.

Just pick up an application form for a postal vote at any post office. But apply before Tuesday March 9, or you probably won't be able to get your completed vote to us in time. If you have any voting enquiries just call us on 07 or in non-metro areas Your choice Remember, voting is compulsory. But now that you know all the different ways to vote, simply choose the most convenient way, as the kookaburras say, to have your say. The association is negotiating with Livingstone Shire Council in a bid to install change rooms, showers and toilets.

Newly re-elected president Dennis Wex said the group's aim was to promote all sports in the district through improving facilities. He said it was a slow process to get such improvements accomplished but persistence would prevail. Mr Wex said the Bicentennial Ground was the centre of sporting activities in Emu Park and catered for rugby league, soccer both senior and junior , touch football and cricket.

He said the association had been fund-raising and a grant had been sought from the Department of Sport, Tourism and Racing. They are the parents, step- be held in Paint Pot Gallery at 1. This will be preceded by the Pa Pot Gallery meeting at At Paint Pot Gallery the potter of the mor Society has at last recognised that the child victims may need counselling and support to is Elaine Hoelscher. Elaine Hoelscher has been potting for fc enable them to deal with their feelings of grief, betrayal, anger, self-hatred and self-blame.

The years. The only formal training she has receiv sources of help may be insufficient but they do is two crash courses through TAFE which s undertook so that she could help a group exist. What has not been understood is that the mentally and physically handicapped peopl this was part of her work. They have to come to terms with keeping her eyes and ears open and aski the fact that the people they loved and trusted, questions. Members of Beach Potters club have been capable of the sexual abuse of chilalways helpful. For this craftswoman pottery is wonderfu dren. The relationship has usually been damaged Elaine's pots are mostly decorative with so] beyond repair.

Love has turned to loathing. They functional ware. Her theme for the potter of wonder if anyone can be trusted. They blame month display is "fish". It's the season themselves for not realising what was the cause Lent and we live beside the sea. Sec] situation becomes known. The offenders are tary is Althea Vaughan, phone 39 They vary the mei lieved. Sometimes they give up the struggle ing places along the Coast so everyone has rather than risk further emotional trauma caused chance to have the gatherings near their horn by official legal proceedings.

If the case does go and 'also to spend some time in the fresh a to court and the offender convicted, the victims March 9, Bell Park; March 16, Causeway; Man may then feel responsible for the break-up of the 23, southern end of Kemp Beach; March : family and blame in turn the non-offending Daniel Park, Cooee Bay.

For more informatio parent. Robyn 33 or Judy, 39 Their group for women in abusive relationships m self esteem takes a battering. Others find strengths on the first Tuesday of every month at I they never knew they had and impart them to Community Centre, John Street, Yeppoon, 1 their children. All welcome. For informati It helps if people know they are not alone. For those who believe they would benefit from RED Cross Door-knock Appeal is from 1 working through their feelings in the company of March 26 to April 4, main collection Sund.

Every sellors: Cheryl 39 ; Debbie 39 ; Di : effort will be made to respect your privacy. For ; Liz 39 or Kathy 39 For inquiries pho day, March 10 at 7. If you are interested raffle D Maguire, bucket of groceries snap raffle attending, please ring Helen, 35 Admi was chaired by Jacky Hole.

The memtea will be supplied. A busload of members of tl bers were asked to give a five minute spontaneNorth Rockhampton Pensioners' League w ous speech and with a wide range of titles. This attend the social. The painting given to tl was a successful and interesting exercise. All members are asked to prepare a five Breastfeeding" - mothering the nursing toddle minute speech on this thought provoking suband is at 4 Hellas Street.

For ma ject. Visitors are always welcome and can ring information phone 39 Pamela Schukking on 39 for, information.

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Henzell's praise for 3 partners in Tanby Foods ALP candidate for Capricornia Marjorie Henzell said this week that Tanby Foods was an excellent example of what can be achieved when government and private enterprise work together. In this case, computerisation assisted efficiency and profitability.

The company is growing steadily and now employs 28 staff," she said. Mrs Henzell said the Government's Export Access program would also be of value to enterprises such as Tanby Foods in helping them to make the move into export markets. The shire and community has been commended in previous Tidy Towns competitions for the appearance of their town. Council is continually striving to improve its performance, however, the judging is based on the shire's overall appearance, not just council's parks and gardens. The co-operation of all residents is requested to improve the shire's presentation for the benefit of the community.

The first meeting to meet the debs will be held at the Town Hall on Monday, March 22 at 7. At this point of time we only have received two genuine enquiries.

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Lucky door prize. Admission free. Monday 7. Please remember the bring and buy table. The audience enjoyed a variety of talent, opened by the Evergreens with a medley of songs based around rainbows and sunshine. Tony Ceff, violin virtuoso was applauded loudly for his efforts. Alec Bacon stirrring baritone game a moving rendition, "When a Child is Born". Fred Cole followed with "Smoke gets in your Eyes". Harry Dendle was applauded for "Highland Home".

Mrs Hall was good voice and sang "Carolina in the Morning". Carole Taylor was next with some jokes about Paddy and Mick. Tony Ceff and Wyn Nelson played some toe tappers on piano and saxaphone. Doreen Svensen is a popular lady and today sang "Apple Blossom Time". Thanks to everyone who helps make the day a success.

WANT to learn out to do leadlight? Now is he time because the Livingstone Shire mobile me-day leadlight workshop with tutor Robyn Schutze has started throughout the shire. The workshop is ill day on Saturdays from 10am to 4pm. Numbers are limited - so book in early.

Warning: some of the fumes are not pleasant and t is unadvisable for pregnant women to join in. Inquiries, 39 Light refreshments will be served. A lucky door prize for a weekend for two return trip to Club Crocodile Resort can also be won. All proceeds aid Queensland Spastic Welfare League. For seats ring Bill Shuttlewood on early. Owner-operator Gabrielle Wilkinson invites you to come in on March 9 and make an appointment. You will receive a glass of champagne and your name will go into the draw for a.

It fits a room size 4. The evaporative system relies on the circulation of fresh air, unlike refrigerated systems, which recirculate the same air over and over. Each Convair has a Gold Star 2 Year parts and labour warranty. Convair Coolers are entirely Australian made, from the attractive cabinets to the long-wearing motors. Designed to be the best. Sleek, attractive, fully-featured fans. Whisper-quiet, reliable, energyeffecient, assured safety. It has a special slow speed on low setting for quiet, relaxed sleeping.

It heats or cools a room size 5. Growers were complaining that their market had been cut by one-third by "dumped" foreign pineapple products - and the grim outlook is for even more foreign imports this year. Senator Boswell: "Look, I can't stand up here in a pineapple shed at Yeppoon and tell you I'll slap on a 10 per cent tariff to protect your pineapple industry. I'd like to, but I can't. I know you're in trouble because of those imports. It's not as big or important as sugar, but it is important. That might make you feel good. But that would deprive me of the support I need.

And I need the extra numbers, the bums on seats in Parliament, so I can really fight for you. I give you that solemn commitment. It really is a numbers game. We've looked after primary industry for 75 years, so please vote for Margaret Goody make Capricornia a fortress for rural Australia. He flew in from the south, spent just over an hour in a pineapple shed on the hill just off the Yeppoon-Rockhampton Highway, looked dogtired throughout, and was hustled off to be driven by Mrs Goody to catch another plane south to help other National Party candidates.

The 16 local growers shifted metal chairs into a semi-circle just after Senator Boswell and Mrs Goody arrived. A worker broomed some dust away, and ushered the visitors to two padded kitchen chairs out in front. Yeppoon Fruitgrowers chairman Dave Vaughan introduced both saying "everybody knows Ron Boswell - the champion in the tariff imports debate". He said foreign pineapple products had now reached 39, tonnes across Australian wharves, cutting by 33 per cent the market for Australianproduced pineapple products.

That's a lie. But the growers questioned him solidly on the Goods and Services Tax GST proposals, how it would affect business people and farmers, whether the paperwork levels would increase and why Prime Minister Paul Keating was not being challenged more often on his claims that GST was simply an additional, not a replacement, tax. Senator B oswell: "I've just told all my candidates to get off the GST business, to concentrate on the unemployment issue - a huge issue.

But, alright, I've heard your argument here for more national information and examples about the effect of removing sales taxes and adding GST. But I'll take you opinions back to the coalition parties' room and see what they say about hitting back at Keating with some of the examples of GST. Senator Boswell told businessman Lyle Wittwer he disagreed strongly that GST would cause a lot more paperwork and "business people do not have to account for every lolly they sell every day - you just pay the 15 per cent GST on your total turnover for the day".

Mrs Goody said the GST tax would be paid every month, two months or three months, depending on the type of business and annual turnover. Mrs Goody told the fruitgrowcrs that if the Liberal-National Coalition went into Government, it would listen to the farmers and growers - "but if you let Labor stay there, they won't listen to you at all, because they haven't listened so far". Fruitgrowers chairman, Dave Vaughan: "The sugar industry has got a lot more clout than us we've got no clout at all. I did it for the sugar industry. You should have seen the flak!

But I'll do it for you, too. Senator Boswell: "No, I don't think so. We have some minor subsidy schemes but I don't think major underwriting of an industry is a goer. Can't you do something to offset that because they're way ahead at the moment. Stuff like unemployment, making sure our kids get a job. That's the real issue. People just don't understand it. You've got to give people real examples, really show them they'd be better off. Then he promised he'd ask the Liberal and National parties to consider some last-minute education programmes to try to better explain GST nationally.

He said the Labor Party's anti-GST TV advertising was costing a lot of money "but they've got access to the trade union funds - they've got a lot of money for this campaign". Baha'u'llah introduces the life and teachings of the prophetic figure whose growing influence in the world is the most remarkable development of contemporary history. The pivot of B aha' u' llah' s teachings is the principle of the oneness of humanity.

His challenge is that the human race has been called by God to undertake a transformation of its moral, social and spiritual life. He has offered a system for a new worls order based on that principle - a system that he claims holds the only hope for inducing a fundamental and lasting change in the condition of the world. Judge for yourself: Is this the spiritual solution to the world's moral and social problems? Tired of Labor's failed policies? The Australian Democrats get things done. Remember to number your House of Representatives' ballot paper 1 to 11 Senate Team led by.

They don't want governments constantly interfering. Hundreds of environment-conscious people are expected to arrive early Sunday for organised clean-up sweeps in identified trouble areas. They won't exactly be moving mountains, physically, but they expect to shift many tonnes of rubbish - road-side bottles, plastic, wrappers, paper, aluminium cans, bottle tops, the occasional car body and many other items. Scores of school children keen to clean up their community have already started work.

Some schools unavailable for Sunday's major outing cleaned up some parts of the shire yesterday Thursday. Other schools are at work today and more will be joining the task forces on Sunday. At least 18 schools throughout the Livingstone Shire are involved in the clean-up campaigns over three days, ending on Sunday. The national Clean-up Australia Day has now become an export industry, with the United Nations and other agencies due to meet next month to fine-tune plans for a World Clean-up Day in September.

Back on the Capricorn Coast, the local Cleanup Committee, sponsored by Yeppoon Rotary Club, is organising task force teams for Sunday to pounce on rubbish wherever they can find it. Mrs Hayes said Tanby Turf was donating its truck for the operation "and we want everybody living along the 13km road to come out bright and early to help us - and help themselves to create a cleaner, smarter-looking road".

Rubbish bags are being provided for all volunteers but Mrs Hayes suggests everybody wears gloves and bring a bucket. On Great Keppel Island, a descendant of the island's Woppabura Tribe and candidate for Capricornia in the general election, Bob Muir, 34, will be leading a clean-up team. He says he's been asked to supervise a cleanup involving Rockhampton divers, possibly yachtsmen, and family groups and high school children. He can be reached at 34 Jeanette Kibble said Sydney yachtsman Ian Kiernan started the clean-up campaign in five New South Wales centres five years ago - and within a year, it escalated dramatically to become the national Clean-up Australia Day.

Kiernan says the campaign began when he became angry about rubbish being dumped into Sydney Harbour and along highways and decided to try to do something about it. And some keen people gave me a lot of help - and they still are. This Sunday, about 37 site supervisors and volunteer workers will be asked to concentrate on what the local committee calls "the highways and byways".

At fpm, in a clean-up that could cover all accessible sections of a beach-front stretching 75km to Keppel Sands, they will scout for rubbish at Nine Mile Beach - and volunteers arc welcome. And on Sunday, the forms will be available from 8am at the Westpac Bank or at the Surf. Jenny and Norm and Emu Park Lions Club thank the people who donated prizes, money, cakes and sandwiches and their time to make the night a success.

Lifesaving Club at Emu Park. And when the rubbish has been located, removed and dumped there'll be a sausage sizzle starting at Five candidates for the seat of Capricornia addressed the meeting, after which a secret ballot for CAP members was held. Mr Black said he thought it was a pity other parties had not acted as democratically as CAP by using a secret ballot to select their preferences. AS a Registered Insurance Broker he has facilities to place insurance business with companies that best serve your interests.

You will receive two ballot papers: a small green ballot paper for the House of Representatives, and a large white ballot paper for the Senate. To vote Labor, fill out the ballot papers as shown. Australian made. After voting.

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Support your local industry at the Beergarden. Quest will draw a Free Carton every Thurs-. Resort — Reservations: 33 We aim to achieve this goal by creating more incentives and opportunities for all Australians to work harder and be rewarded for it, to save and to invest. The reform programme of the Hewson Government will create nearly two million jobs and halve the unemployment rate by providing a dramatic stimulus to productive and economic growth.

These objectives can only be achieved if national government sees its proper role as providing a framework of policy and equal laws within which individuals. We believe that policies aimed at building incentives. Reform of the taxation system is a fundamentally important focus of our reform programme. It is vital to reduce tax and simplify the tax system if the energies, talents and initiative of the Australian people are to be encouraged and fulfilled. Why tax reform is essential The current tax system is unfair. It is a fundamental responsibility of government to provide a tax system which rewards those who are prepared to make the extra effort, which allows them to save and profit by their effort, which enhances self-respect through making personal independence possible, and which provides those in poverty and genuine need with every opportunity to improve their standard of living.

The tax system can have a significant effect on the way in which people invest their money. To the extent that it distorts or biases those decisions it wastes resources and undermines growth. A tax framework which allows people to make sensible investment decision is crucial to prosperity. The current tax system fails on every count. Labor's tax system undermines the incentive to work harder and save more because of the crippling marginal tax rates imposed on low and average income earners.

It has failed to provide incentives for most Australians to save. It has worked to the benefit of the rich at the expense of the great majority. It rewards the tax cheats in the "black economy" and invites avoidance and evasion through various loopholes and administrative complexities.

It has created "poverty traps" for many Australians who are denied any real opportunity to work harder and be rewarded for it. It has imposed major costs on the private business sector, which should be the driving force in job growth, through the ramshackle and costly system of sales tax, payroll taxes, excise taxes. The result is that the rising tax burdens on business have discouraged exports. Under Labor, the burden of taxation has increased, particularly for low to middle income earners because of a failure to contain and reduce waste and duplication in governmentspending, and because of the encouragement given to dependence on government welfare.

Tax reduction and tax reform are an.


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If I thought all our economic problems could be solved by slapping a tax on hamburgers and baby clothes. I would have done it. But, as anybody who lives in the real world will recognise, the solution to difficult problems is never as simple as a textbook. We solve, hard problems with hard work. The principal point about tax is that. For people who are just making ends meet, they are the same thing.

The only benefit of a GST is for those who earn more than they need to spend. And the greatest benefit goes to those whose income most greatly exceeds their expenditure. What is the purpose of this all-pervasive tax? Why does Dr Hewson want to change the whole way we live? What is the object of having a tax on everything from - quite literally - the cradle to the grave, from the baby's cot to the funeral?

Today we pay income tax at a level well below what we paid in The top marginal rate has come down from the 60 per cent which the last coalition government left us. For that, we get universal health care under Medicare; universities which provide , more places - the equiva-. We have seen exports rise from 14 per cent of the national product to 23 per cent. We have seen the national product, the measure of what the nation produces. Why do we need to slap another tax on top of the income tax?

What do we get for it? The GST would not solve unemployment. Dr Hewson likes to talk about unemployment and the GST separately. Invariably, when he puts on his GST hat, he argues that the GST will have a minimal impact on prices because all the cost savings to business - through the removal of wholesale sales tax and so on - will be passed on to the consumer. But, when he puts on his unemployment hat, he argues with equal invariability that business will be in a better position to hire new workers because of the very same cost savings to business through the removal of wholesale sales tax and so on.

I wish I had enough university degrees to know how you can spend the same dollar twice. Dr Hewson is also very fond of arguing that if every small business in Aus-. Why expenditure reform is essential. The size and cost of government in Australia is excessive. Under a Coalition Government both will be reduced. Together with the taxation reforms we will implement, our reducti ons in wasteful and unnecessary government expenditure will enable people to retain more of what they earn. This will, in turn, improve individual freedom of choice and reduce the unnecessary dependence of people on government.

In reducing the size and cost of government, we have clearly accepted our responsibility to assist those in genuine need. While eliminating abuse of the welfare system and reducing waste and inefficiency, we will increase assistance to those who genuinely need it.

Over many years, governments have increasingly and inappropriately involved themselves in the provision of goods and services that are more efficiently provided by the private sector. Public sector activities are too often shielded from competition. Individual firms in mlpetitt private sector imise costs and have no oNiefn butto maximise efficiency if they are to prosper. This means they must be innovative and responsive to changing demands.

The users of many services supplied by government would benefit considerably if these services were delivered by the private sector. The contracting out of these services will provide a better definition of the service provided and better targeting. It will also indicate the level of, and the need for, community service obligations and will be more cost-efficient. Overseas and domestic experience indicates that about 20 per cent can be saved in the costs of delivering a service if it is contracted out to the private sector.

Many of the services currently provided by the public sector can be corporatised, privatised or contracted out with significarn cost and efficiency. A Coalition Government will place a high priority in implementing a full programme to achieve that outcome. Objectives of tax and expenditure reform. Five guiding principles underlie the tax reform proposals. First, the aim is to produce lower taxes and a simpler and fairer tax system which will boost the incentives to work, to save and to invest. This objective requires a reduction in wasteful or unnecessary Federal Government spending.

It also requires structural reform of the tax and government welfare systems so that individuals are given a clear choice and positive incentives when making decisions about whether they will work overtime, save another dollar; or invest that money in a business venture for the future. Second, a tax system is required that will make the Australian economy more internationally competitive and productive. This can be achieved through abolishing inefficient and distorting taxes such as the wholesale sales tax, payroll taxes and petroleum excise , through changes to the capital gains tax, through removing taxes on business inputs and exports.

Third, we aim to make the operation of the taxation system transparent and simple to the taxpayer. No longer should the real burden of tax be increased through hidden ad hoc changes to wholesale or payroll tax rates or through automatically indexed increases in excise or in other Federal taxes which are hidden from the view of the taxpayer. No longer should effective marginal tax rates be increased by allowing increased wages to push average taxpayers into even higher tax brackets.

The tax system should be an important part of the accountability of government to those who elect it. It should not make such accountability even more difficult to achieve. Fourth, we aim to establish a tax. The current tax system, with its heavy reliance on personal income tax, the distortions it creates through its indirect tax arrangements and its heavy costs on business and exports, is neither efficient nor effective.

And fifth, we are aiming to establish a tax system that builds a stable and reliable base for public expenditure programmes in both Commonwealth and State sectors of responsibility. In relation to the State sector, we are working to achieve that objective through moving to a new tax sharing arrangement and through the untied payroll tax abolition grant. In addition to these objectives of tax reform, there are import objectives underpinning our reform of government expenditure.

In all areas of government. In the circumstances of the worst recession for 60 years. The problem is that the GST works against small business. One of the big areas of cost saving is supposectobe the Aural of payroll tax.


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  • But there are about , businesses in Australia, and about , of them don't pay payroll tax because they come in under the threshold in their particular State. So, chains like McDonalds might benefit from the removal of payroll tax, but the local takeaway won't. Major supermarkets like Coles might benefit, but the local corner store won't.

    This is hardly going to make the small business more competitive. In fact, it is downright threatening for the smaller business. The 15 per cent GST goes on what they sell, but the little guy is not going to get the same advantage as his big competitor gets through the payroll tax change. As well, the smaller operator has to wear the time - and the costs - of keeping the books to pay this new tax. This is, in technical terms, a bad tax. It is difficult to understand, and therefore difficult, and costly, to collect.

    Not too costly for the government to collect, but costly for the actual collectors - the What are we to make of a tax which is not levied on a frozen chicken in the supermarket, but is levied on a barbecued chit' n in the gra aisle? If Mum makes a ham sandwich for the kids to take to school, she wouldn't have to pay GST on it. And the volunteers collectively are responsible to the Tax Office if the books aren't kept straight to prove any exemptions. And it is not just a question of goods. It hits services, too. For instance, the Liberals and Nationals like to say that, when you sell the family home, the sale would attract no GST.

    They don't tell you that the real estate agent's fee would attract the GST. For the home buyer. Every time you put your hand in your pocket. Dr Hewson's hand would be in there, too. Just when you can least afford it. That does not include any architect's fees, which would also be subject to the GST. Except, that doesn't make up for it, does it?

    Coalition talk about the GST is full of half-truths. They like to tell you that they would abolish seven taxes by introducing the GST. That should be six - the coal export levy was abolished long ago. By this government. And without the addition of a GST. They like to tell you that GST exists in many countries overseas.

    They don't like to tell you that every country that has introduced GST has increased the rate within a few years. They don't like to believe that Brian Mulroney was forced to resign as Prime Minister of Canada because the GST- at only 7 per cent - is so unpopular there. They don't like to tell you that the American vice-president. Al Gore. They like to tell you about all the goods that currently attract the wholesale sales tax WST , and suggest that they would get cheaper if the WST were removed.

    They don't like to tell you about the goods that don't attract WST. For example. And, whether goods attract WST now or not, all goods, bar basic food. So, what's it all about? What do you get for paying this allpervasive tax? You lose the universal protection of Medicare. You lose access to university unless your family is wealthy. But you don't get a single new job. The dress is half formal, half normal, and you can mix it anyway you like Quality handcrafted goods. He said he was leaving behind fond memories of Yeppoon. The two will now go on to zone judging in either Gladstone or Rockhampton then on to regional finals then district judging and then the state finals on March 17 at Parliament House.

    Rachel and Bradley were chosen out of six contestants on academic abilities, sporting abilities, general knowledge and public speaking. Each contestant was given two minutes to answer two impromptu questions and five minutes for prepared speeches. Mr McCarter, who has lived in Emu Park for six years, said the decision to give the town only a voluntary ambulance service was one example but the problem intersection of Hill and Pattison Streets has really got his blood boiling. He said the intersection was dangerous but nothing was being done.

    I'm no engineer, and perhaps a roundabout isn't the answer, but surely something could be done to improve the area," he said Livingstone Shire Council engineer Pat Murphy said an investigation was carried out by the Department of Transport but it was decided the intersection was not a priority. Mr Murphy said the area would be high on the list and when funds became available it would be considered. Yeppoon also loses hiswife, Lyndy, and two sons, Shane three months and Glen When asked if crime had increased with the lift in population, he said it was becoming busier for the police.

    The increase was not alarming "but it is noticeable". From left are: Insp. Kel Weeks and Acting Insp. John Larkin. It is interesting in perusing the many promises of current political parties that most of these will give public money to people so they will all be able to have a good time and enjoy themselves and not have any worries. Very seldom is it mentioned that the community in general has been suffering great pain and will continue to do so for a considerable time in the future - well past the year The erstwhile Prime Minister and former treasurer released yet another economic change in Canberra a week or so back.

    This was his 17th change in 10 years, and one commentator noted he either had poor economic advisors or else had not the faintest idea what he was doing - in my opinion both of these were true. The challenger, too, has a box full of goodies but at least he said it will take some time for the country to recover. One thing he was correct on was that this is the worst depression we have had for at least 60 if not years. I still have memories of the late '30s, and had not the war come along to employ people, it would not have ended for many years. The Democrats, as a splinter party, have ensured the return of Labor in recent elections just as the DLP kept the Liberals in power for nearly 20 years.

    They, like the greens, seem to think money grows on trees to supply jobs for all unfortunately, this was tried by Whitlam and Co back in the '70s and started Australia's slide into third world status. The Hardly any of those promises were fulfilled confederate person is quite correct that overseas yet now the waxen blonde conservation minister trade decisions have crucified our farmers and is racing around the country for a similar purprofits have gone to big companies multi-napose; that is, buy green votes.

    Little did they know that Australians try with cast-off children and also increased and Americans, then and now, are still waiting domestic violence. Mr Muir Greens did mention the aborigiRe pigs: Prior to s and s, politicians nals; he didn't say that what had happened to were largely regarded as pigs; all fat, useless, them in the last 20 years had more disastrous wallowing in dirt and only good at making a results than the previous since Cook's armess for others to clear up.

    It has only been in recent years that the term rival, by giving them money so that they no longer had to hunt or work, they have turned to pig was applied to police They have CHEAPER fuel is one of the carrots the acquired the "civilised diseases" - for example diabetes, blood pressure, cirrhosis, cancer mainly federal coalition parties are dangling before from poor diet too much sugar and fats and not voters. Media outlets on their 'Save the planet', enough mental and physical exertion. The only ray of hope is that some of them are 'Earth Watch' community awareness protaking charge of their own affairs - however, if grammes continualy urge people to reduce the they continue to rely on Canberra for money and use of products which are detrimental to the bureaucratic advice, their nation's recovery will environment.

    Fuel is one of the main problems. Human nature, being as it is, the cheaper we be even slower than Australia's recovery, if that can purchase fuel now, the less inclined we will is possible. Hedonism, the pursuit of pleasure for its be to use alternative means of transport. In the '80s, the transport is certainly not the recipe environmensame happened with yuppie brigade running tally conscious people should endorse if they are wild with money mostly our money aided by a sincere in their endeavours to save our planet. The private tragedies to families, small busi- Beach ness, retired people, farms has not been greatly noted by the Canberra leaders.

    It is only now at I REFER to your editorial February 25 on election time, the ALP has suddenly discovered problems in sugar, wool, wheat, etc for which candidates for Capricornia and in particular to they have the answers, that is, more money. The the item about Bob Muir and I quote, "Mr Muir fact these problems occur in swinging seats is of was born at Mackay, lost his father when he was 11".

    The fact British Medical Associatipn over nationalisa- is that Mr Muir's father died and the correct tion of health said to his leader - "Leave it to me. There is a vast difference between being lost have our way. The same thing is happening here in all areas, especially health where the and being dead. Part of the grieving process is government already has bribed the RACGP into acceptance because without acceptance, there is its corner to control G Ps with more money.

    The no healing. To return to local sense my suggestion is not to vote for the bribes, anti-GST, money on trees TO the person who has set nets in Statue Bay, etc but for the person who will do their best for anchored to the rock wall, this activity has been the area now and in the future. The offenders are known to many of the recreational fishermen who fish the area, and we WHEN all the combatants for Capricornia would like you to cease doing this, or we will gathered for last week's debate at Rosslyn Bay point the finger at you.

    I noted with interest that enough fish for everyone. Mr Wright stated, "research for his policy of - Name and address supplied. So, while you were in Parliament lookSpend a little time choosing ing after our interests all that time how come you only discovered these facts and figures "now" the brick you'll spend the while doing research? Where have you been for rest of your life with the last 10 years?

    You also state that the pineapple growers are being hurt by the foreign imports and you also say that this policy is wrong but all the time you were in Parliament you pushed this policy for all you were worth. A leopard cannot change his spots and I daresay neither can you. As an unbiased?

    Mr Hewson has done much the same by a. Shop 1, 30 Arthur Street, Yeppoon. Capricorn Coast. Phone the Mirror on 39 or fax Information to We are open 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. The deadline for editorial and advertising copy is noon on Wednesday. Bookings for display advertising, 5pm Tuesday.

    It would be appreciated If editorial copy was received at the Mirror office on Tuesdays. Copyright Capricorn Coast Mirror. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without publishers' prior permission. If brought to our attention on the FIRST day of publication prior to our deadline, adjustments may be made, but only for space occupied by the error.

    Positioning of classified advertisements cannot be guaranteed. The Capricorn Coast Mirror reserves the right to alter, abbreviate, omit or re-classify advertisements for any reason. Responsibility not accepted for wrong classification or for any error or inaccuracy in adver,,isements placed by telephone. Lex Semple - 9. Laurene, Gavin, Tanya and Rachael. Phone 39 NEED help? Red Shield comm ee. Phone Inquiries Ron, 39 Nursing Mothers Association. Now available in Yeppoon. Inquiries, Alan Rutland president , 39 ALP monthly meetings.

    Yeppoon: 7. Emu Park: 9. PONY riding lessons for beginners, children only. All inquiries welcome, phone 39 Phone 36 I'm Debbie! Betty Orr. CDM and the Department of Roads and Transport should conclude the process of devolving the roads function and assist local municipalities to develop their Roads Master Plans. It is within this context that the District has noted the findings and recommendations as outlined in the report.

    There is a need to review the powers and functions in order to achieve this process. The District is liaising with the Department of Roads and Transport. This legislative requirement is dealt with and is contained within the Analysis phase. Capricorn District Municipality is however challenged with up to date baseline information that address the current service levels in different development categories. The district is situated at the core of economic development in the Limpopo Province and includes the capital of the province, that is, the City of Polokwane. One national and various major provincial roads pass through the district municipal area, i.

    It is comprised of villages and it is divided into 19 wards. It covers an area of about 1, Aganang area is predominantly rural, and has four Traditional Authorities namely Moletjie, Matlala, Maraba and Mashashane. It is the fourth densely populated municipality within Capricorn District and has a population of and total of 34 households Community Survey, However, its Spatial Development Framework shows potential in two sectors i.

    Agriculture and Tourism, which further identifies nodal points i. Blouberg Local Municipality Blouberg Local Municipality is situated towards the far northern part of the Capricorn District, bordered by Aganang on the south, Molemole on the south-west, Makhado on the north-east, Lephalale on the north-west, with Mogalakwena on the south-west and Musina on the north.

    As per the new demarcations Board report , the municipality covers an area of about 9, The total population is estimated at with the total number of households at 35 Average house hold size 5. Most areas are not suitable for development. There is huge infrastructure backlog in terms water, Page 21 roads, sanitation, education, recreational facilities.

    There are mining prospects at Dalmyn, WindhoekPapegaai, Silvermyn platinum prospects and Towerfontein gold to complement Venetia mine. In terms of tourism the municipality houses one of the six kings in the province in King Maleboho, Maleboho and Blouberg nature reserves and Mapungubwe heritage sites. Three border posts i. Lepelle-Nkumpi Local Municipality 2. The municipality is pre-dominantly rural with a population of approximately people and covers 3, The municipality is divided into 29 wards which comprises a total of settlements.

    Molemole Municipality is located within the Capricorn District Municipality about 60km north of Polokwane. The municipality is bordered to the south by Polokwane Municipality, to the North West by Blouberg Municipality, to the south east by greater Letaba Municipality and to the north by Makhado Municipality. One national road, the N1 crosses through the municipal area linking Molemole with Zimbabwe to the north. Molemole Municipality comprise of settlements which are located within wards. Molemole is predominantly rural has two towns, namely, Mogwadi Morebeng. Page 22 37 14 and and a Key Challenges and Opportunities Molemole municipality is predominantly rural and characterised by high levels of poverty and inequalities.

    The municipality produces the finest potatoes and tomatoes for the export markets. However the agricultural sector has contracted significantly, resulting in many crop commercial farmers opting for game farming. Those employed are predominantly employed in government and community service sectors, followed by those working for a household, then retail and trade, followed by construction and then agriculture.

    The majority of households derive their income from social grants, public sector and informal sector. Molemole municipality is the second largest economy, after Polokwane municipality, in the Capricorn District municipality. However, plans are already in place to solicit assistance from the Department of Local Government and Housing with the development of the LED strategy and the Housing Chapter. The existence of the LED forum is an advantage to the municipality. Polokwane Local Municipality Polokwane Municipality is a home to approximately It covers a surface area of 3, It is the economic hub of Limpopo Province and is strategically located to be the administrative and economic capital of the Province.

    It is situated at the cross roads of important national and provincial roads which radiate out into the hinterland providing good access. The Population growth in Polokwane has been significant. Growth figures from to showed that the municipal population increased by Since to Stats S. Much of this growth is ascribed to an influx of people from more rural municipal areas. The unemployed move into Polokwane where the perception of more employment and greater economic wealth exists.

    Dominated by the tertiary sector and government sector the municipality has generally unskilled population and the general population income is concentrated in the lower income level. These issues require the municipality to develop strategies that promote integrated human settlements and build robust local economy that consider seriously sustainable development principles and empower communities to get involved in municipal activities. Due to spatial fragmentation and disparities the capital outlays constrain the municipality to provide and maintain infrastructure.

    Monitoring and evaluation of performance is limited as the system is not integrated and aligned to enable the municipality to deliver efficient and effective services to the communities. The illustration of municipal issues enabled the municipality to set goals to ultimately arrive at the vision of the municipality. The development of an inclusive local economy is one of the key priorities on which focus is placed by the municipality to ensure that job opportunities, eradication of poverty and improving the livelihoods of communities is realized.

    A total of households live in the district municipal area and the average household size is 6. Population growth of Age Distribution The table below indicates that the district has got more children The prospects of a growing population have implications for planning for social, health and welfare and infrastructure services. Gender Distribution The table below shows a male —female ratio in terms of race. This shows the predominance of females in the district as compared to their male counterparts.

    Page 26 between provinces which is mainly because of economic and employment opportunities. Spatial Location and Description 2. It looks at settlement patterns and growth points nodes , population concentration areas, land claims and their socio-economic implications. This analysis serves to describe the municipal area in spatial terms and understand how space is utilized in the district.

    All these aspects have a bearing on future land usage, infrastructure investment, establishment of sustainable human settlements, public transport and local economic development. The most dramatic effect of the White Paper is that it proposes the rationalization of planning laws into one national system that will be applicable in each province, in order to achieve the national objective of wise landuse.

    The White Paper also builds on the concept of the Municipal Systems Act, and required Spatial Development Frameworks that should guide and inform all decisions of municipalities relating to the use, development and planning of land. According to the Provincial SDF, ; the two most important development determinants for spatial development in the Limpopo Province are economic and political processes and forces.

    These two processes and forces which shaped forced the existing spatial pattern will most likely become the influencing factors to guide spatial development in the future. It has potential for agricultural and tourism development. Aganang Municipality does not have a viable revenue base. Aganang is experiencing environmental problems i.

    The municipality does not have planning systems and tools to guide development such as by-laws and a town planning scheme. Aganang borders Blouberg on the south, Molemole on the southwest, Makhado on the northeast, Lephalale on the northwest, Mogalakwena on the southwest and Musina on the north. Six Growth Points were identified in the Blouberg local municipal area, i. The central locality of the municipal area in relation to the rest of the country ensures that a number of important regional routes transverse the area, of which the R Polokwane-Alldays and D Dendron-Bochum-GaMankgodi routes links the municipal area with the rest of the country.

    Other routes, which are also of a regional and sub-regional importance, are the D which links Blouberg with the Waterberg district municipal area and Botswana and the D Vivo-Indermark , which should be prioritised due to its economic importance. The occurrence of unsettled land claims in the area is hindering spatial development in the Page 27 municipal area. The municipal area comprises 2 urban nodes, namely the Lebowakgomo District Growth Point and the Magatle Municipality Growth Point, and a surrounding rural area that accommodates both commercial and communal mixed-farming practises.

    The central locality of the municipal area in relation to the rest of the country ensures that a number of important national and regional routes transverse the area, of which the R37 Polokwane-Burgersfort is the most important. The N1 crosses through the municipal area linking the Molemole with Zimbabwe to the north. It comprises farms, plantations, small-scale mining, housing low cost, informal, middle income , transportation networks road and rail , agricultural areas commercial and subsistence , and recreational and community facilities.

    It has a potential for tourism development, which needs to be improved and marketed to attract and create an economic base. Extremely impoverished rural settlements are scattered in the peripheral areas of the municipal area. By , the town was considered one of the fastest growing cities in South Africa. The node lies on the N1 axis, which is the main gateway to the rest of Africa. The capacity of this axis is constantly improved and it can be expected that the axis will become even more important for the transport of goods by road to and from Africa.

    The five local municipalities within the district have developed the Land Use Management Scheme to guide development but they do not have other tools such as by-laws. The municipal area consists mainly of commercial farms, game farming, etc. Approximately All 5 local municipal areas have a large number of small villages, i. These low population densities have serious implications to improve the levels of service provision to communities, as the cost associated with respect to the provision of service infrastructure is very high.

    Population Distribution As can be observed from the figure below, the population of the district is concentrated largely in the PLM depicted in purple, red and pink for more densely populated areas and some isolated areas stretching north Dendron, Bochum, Manthata. Some areas to the north are quite sparsely populated depicted in light yellow.

    However, in contrast to many other districts including the neighbouring Vhembe, Sekhukhune and Mopani as depicted in the map ; the CDM seems to have a significantly lower proportion of its population below the MLL. However, as can be observed from figure 8 below, employment is more evenly distributed across the district green shading in the map depicting jobs within a 20 minute commute , although the concentration of jobs remains around the PLM blue shading in the map depicting more than jobs within a 20 minute commute.

    In addition, it can be observed that the southern areas of the district, especially around the PLM are best served being within a 1. Some areas in the far north in the BLM may be up to 3 hours away. All 5 local municipal areas have a large number of small villages, that is, villages with less than 1 people. These low population densities have severe implications for Page 14 improving the levels of service provision to communities, as the cost associated with respect to the provision of service infrastructure, for this spatial settlement pattern is very high.

    The plethora of planning legislation creates uncertainty and sometimes conflict between various role-players. The five local municipalities within the district have developed and promulgated the Land Use Management Scheme, to guide development and land control management. The implementation part of the LUMS is still a challenge as majority of the settlements in the district are not formalised. Implementation will be conducted in phases.

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    The district is currently developing the SDF. Nodal Development Points Nodal development points are those specific locations where development tends to concentrate. The following nodes have been identified, in the Provincial SDF, The district is currently developing the SDF to be aligned with Limpopo Spatial Development Framework and confirm the nodal points : Provincial Growth Points - Sizeable economic sector providing jobs to many local residents. Services are mainly farming areas with a sizeable business sector providing number of job opportunities.

    These are areas where most of the population is located. The existing resources or features might determine the settlement pattern. Various such population concentration points have been identified in all of the respective local municipalities.

    Transportation Distribution Hub - This is a concentration of public transport amenities that enable commuters to access different public transport modes within close proximity of one another. In the Aganang local municipality, Tibane, Mashashane and Kalkspruit have been identified as transportation distribution hubs. In this regard it is proposed that these centres, as already identified and classified, should be utilised in order to manage or transform the future spatial form of the entire district. The provincial SDF identified a total of 29 settlements clusters in the district.

    Of the 29, 13 were categorised as growth points with the majority being located in Blouberg, Polokwane and Molemole.

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    Access to land There are four main types of land tenure in the Capricorn District Municipality that can be divided into Commercial Land owned by banks, churches etc. Most of the privately owned land in the municipality is utilized for agricultural purposes that have a positive economic effect in the municipality. Tribal authorities are managing a small portion of the municipal land and other portions of land held in trust for the tribal authority although owned by the government.

    One important challenge faced with regard to land issues is the reluctance by Traditional Authorities to release land for development. Land reform The main objective of the land reform is to provide access to land to the previously disadvantaged communities. Land Page 33 reform and associated land claim processes can create a risk for potential investors. Many of the outstanding claims may not be settled in the near future due to their complexity which relates to conflicts among traditional leaders on issues such as jurisdiction, land ownership, and boundary disputes between communities, disputes with current landowners on land prices or validity of the claim, and claimants who could not be traced.

    Access to Housing According to the Limpopo Provincial housing backlog report a housing backlog of The table further indicates the prevalence of the backlog in different classifications with rural units having the highest backlog, followed by project linked and the breaking new grounds. The Local municipalities within the district have completed their housing chapters as sector plans required for inclusion in their IDPs. The table emphasizes the NSDP principles of investing at places with potential growth and economic potential.

    It can be seen that attempts has been made to ensure investment at the identified growth Page 34 points. It must however, be noted that the district, local municipalities and sector departments have been investing on those areas, hence there is little investment indicating that majority of services required has been provided. Efforts to address past and current social inequalities should focus on people, not places. In localities where there are both high levels of poverty and demonstrated economic potential, this could include fixed capital investment beyond basic services to exploit the potential of those localities.

    In localities with low demonstrated economic potential, government should, beyond the provision of basic services, concentrate primarily on human capital development by providing education and training, social transfers such as grants and poverty-relief programmes. It should also reduce migration costs by providing labour-market intelligence to give people better information, opportunities and capabilities, to enable them to gravitate - if they choose to - to localities that are more likely to provide sustainable employment and economic opportunities.

    In order to overcome the spatial distortions of apartheid, future settlement and economic development opportunities should be channelled into activity corridors and nodes that are adjacent to or that link the main growth centres. Infrastructure investment should primarily support localities that will become major growth nodes in South Africa and the SADC region to regional gateways to the global economy.

    The process of aligning the SDFs and the IDPs are implemented in most municipalities and the budgets are being integrated into the process. It can be deducted that although there are areas where IDP projects are focused in certain localities, in the whole the District has a pattern of developmental infrastructure investment — whereby investment is spread so that at least the minimum services are provided in the majority of localities. In the past the spatial development frameworks lacked alignment between the budget and planning processes.

    The budgets were separated and were updated annually on the basis of historic requirements and over years the requirements tended to override the planning process. The SDF guides and informs all decisions of the municipality relating to the use, development and planning of land. It is a forward planning tool to guide planning and decision on land development; develop an approach to the development of the area of jurisdiction which is clear to allow decision-makers to deal with the applications from the private sector; guides private sector investment by establishing clear hierarchy of accessibility; ensure the social, economic and environmental sustainability of the area; establish priorities in terms of public sector development and investment and identify spatial priorities and places where publicprivate partnerships are a possibility.

    Budget refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. It is an organizational plan stated in monetary terms. In this instance the budget is more of investments that will be made in a particular space that have economic value to the area. The alignment between the IDP, SDF and Budget will result in the quality of life of the people in the Capricorn District Municipality being improved by reduction in poverty through private investment which will create jobs; sustainable growth where the benefits are distributed equitably over the long term and an environment which is healthy and safe.

    The state of infrastructure within the district has improved over the past years, with backlogs reduced to The challenge in the district is however not primarily the lack of public investment on infrastructure, but poor coordination between the various spheres of government, although this can still be improved. Water Water is a key component in determining the quality of our lives.

    Today, people are concerned about the quality of the water they drink. CDM is also committed to providing quality safe drinking water to its residents. It is also important to note that without water there is no hygiene. Research shows that the less readily available water is, the less likely that good hygiene will be practiced in households and schools. Capricorn District and Polokwane municipalities are Water Services Authorities WSA while the other four local municipalities within the district are serving as interim water services providers.

    Below in Table 15 are the roles and responsibilities assigned to carry out the function Municipal Systems Act 32 of Below is a status quo report with regard to the provision of water within the district municipal area by both the District Municipality and its local municipalities. Challenges The entire district is water scarce, as it does not have many primary sources of water. Currently water that is used in the capital city has to be sourced from across hydrological boundaries outside.

    The continued use of water and the need in future for irrigation water may not be sustained over a long period. This will seriously affect a number of the irrigation regions such as the Sand Irrigation Region. Climatically, the Capricorn District is classified as semi-arid. There are no major river systems flowing through the district and already water has to be imported. The dominant veld types include Pietersburg Plateau False Grassveld and Mixed Bushveld, which render the veld suitable for extensive cattle farming and given sufficient water the production of cut flowers, vegetables, tobacco and deciduous fruit.

    There are also a number of irrigation regions in the Capricorn District, namely the Polokwane south region and the Dendron- Vivo irrigation region. The drying out and the capacity of boreholes, stolen engines, illegal connections and the turnaround periods for Operation and maintenance affects the provision of adequate and sustainability of water supply within the district. The district is also faced with the threat of waterborne diseases. Further, some large employers have raised concerns about disruption of water supply and some have even threatened to relocate to other parts of the country.

    This situation creates the conditions for competition for water resources between sectors of the economy and domestic use. Over—exploitation of this groundwater reserve in some areas Page 40 within the district poses a severe threat to a large number of villages, which rely on the same water source. Projected mining and agricultural water demands are not sustainable. Interventions The district convened the Water Indaba and adopted a Declaration to overcome all challenges of water. There are also positive prospects of securing reticulation from Glen Alphine and Nandoni Dams to augment water supply within the district.

    Furthermore, these challenges will be overcome through the supply of reticulation of the existing bulk water supply to RDP standards where reticulation is non-existent, increasing bulk capacity, forging partnerships with national and provincial government as well as the private sector. CDM will also enforce the service level agreements that the municipality has with the service providers, and improving cost recovery strategy to sustain provision and supply of water.

    Ground water resource abstraction needs to be carefully monitored to prevent over-exploitation. Sanitation basic services at all. Water-borne sewerage is mainly found in towns and townships, septic tanks are mainly on privately owned properties like farms, hotels, etc with the rest primarily found in rural areas. Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes.

    Hazards can be physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems are human and animal faeces, solid wastes, domestic wastewater sewage , industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes etc. Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solutions e.

    Sanitation can complement the access to clean and potable drinking water. Access to improved water and sanitation facilities leads to improved health. Status Quo a Sanitation supply at Households Lack of access to basic sanitation services creates massive environmental and health problems in both rural and urban areas in the district.

    The fact that most households within the district do not have RDP level sanitation constitutes a major risk in terms of ground water pollution. The main types of sanitary systems used in the district are water-borne sewerage flush toilets , septic tanks, Ventilated Improved Pit latrines VIP , French drains and ordinary pit latrines to no A total number of Schools too often suffer from non-existent or insufficient sanitation and hand-washing facilities. Schools are not safe for children due to neglect of the operation and maintenance of facilities.

    Latrines are not always adapted to the needs of children. Poor health of children affects their ability to learn and therefore influences their prospects in life. It is clear that in broader terms poor sanitation in school buildings impairs children's growth and development, limits school attendance and negatively affects students' ability to concentrate and learn.

    The overall backlog registered in this regard is Challenges The The district is also threatened by waterborne diseases like cholera. The scarcity of natural water resources, a pre-condition for rolling out waterborne sanitation and expanding the reticulated water networks, is raised as a critical issue in this IDP. Even where there is an access, poor sanitation and lack of hygienic practices and storage facilities enable transmission of water-borne germs.

    Although in recent years the government has successfully been able to provide potable water to a number of villages, a lot still needs to be done. Interventions The situation outlined above underlines the extreme difficulty of meeting water and sanitation needs in all settlements. The targets for water and sanitation service delivery of the district as the authority and local municipalities as the providers places a responsibility on all affected parties to align their plans as the situation makes it particularly difficult to meet basic services delivery needs, throughout the area of jurisdiction of the district, within the next 5 to 10 years.

    To successfully resolve the situation, effective engagement, which specifically addresses the spatial location of water and sanitation investment, and the potential competition between users, is required. CDM has provided water tankers as an interim measure for areas that experience shortage of water supply.

    In trying to address the operation and maintenance issues that are affecting the sustainable provision of water supply, local municipalities have been appointed as water service providers decentralised the function from the district. The municipality has also provided honey suckers to locals for areas where they still use substandard methods like pit latrine. It will further, therefore strengthen the impact of the SDF to guide service delivery, based on a shared understanding of potential and viability of the various settlements and spaces throughout the district. A reviewed SDF will seek to resolve at a policy level, the competing needs of urbanization and rural livelihoods, for service delivery and other public and private investment.

    Once the SDF has been finalized, the District will spell out its spatial implications for where land and service delivery will be prioritised and where public and private investment will be encouraged. This includes clarifying how linkages will be created between urban growth and rural Page 44 concentration points, in the context of the surrounding settlement patterns. The District Municipality will focus on resolving how to optimize existing natural resources and engage with competing water users.

    This strategy will first deal with improving efficiency of current uses, in the residential, industrial and agricultural sectors. Secondly, it will guide the SDF outlined above, in light of existing water scarcity. Thirdly, it will provide a basis for the development and implementation of a policy on water and sanitation service levels and tariffs. In the short-term, CDM urgently needs to deliver lifeline water and sanitation services to all residents of the district. It will implement a strategy to provide these services to the informal settlements and rural villages.

    Interim technologies will be used to fast-track coverage, in light of natural resources and financial constraints, but with appropriate regard for environmental health. The District is also considering the formation of an agency that will be responsible for the water sector within the District separate from the control of the municipality. Energy Energy distribution has important economic development implications with a potential to make a considerable development impact. This impact relates to improved living conditions, increased productivity and greater sustainability of the environment.

    Electricity is a key input to our economy and is a basic need for most households. However, Blouberg and Polokwane LMs are electricity services licence providers. A total of Polokwane LM registers a huge backlog of This is a concern as the cutting of trees for energy provision leads to deforestation and soil erosion. Interventions Provision of sustainable energy is to be achieved by implementing grid and solar energy infrastructure in areas where there is none. The district will also explore the alternative sources of energy and the implementation of the energy saving strategy.

    For the ordinary citizen, this calls for a simple change in behaviour patterns and discipline. Page 45 2. Roads and Transport Part B of Schedule 4, read together with Section 6 a and 7 of the Constitution, lists a number of functions that are to be performed by Local Government. Among the functions is municipal planning and municipal public transport services. It was envisaged that the TA, with appropriate structures and authorities, would provide for the overall provision and management of transport facilities and services.

    The district has got an Integrated Transport Plan that is relevant for the period from January to December , and the five-year implementation plan and budget that will be reviewed annually. There is relatively little economic development and as a result little opportunity for employment. The district is mostly rural. Most communities are sparsely populated in lowdensity villages. The national route network within CDM area comprises of portion of the N1 and including full access interchanges.

    Limpopo Province, Department of Roads and Transport — is responsible for the provincial road network. Capricorn District Municipality — is responsible for district roads. Local Municipalities — are responsible for local roads and networks. The total length of the district roads is 2, km. Molemole Local Municipality, responsible for the local road network which comprises approximately km of roads. Blouberg Local Municipality, responsible for the local road network which comprises approximately km of roads.

    LepelleNkumpi Local Municipality, responsible for the local road network which comprises approximately km of roads. Aganang Local Municipality, responsible for the local road network which comprises approximately km of roads. Polokwane Local Municipality, responsible for the local road network which comprises approximately km of roads. The highest backlog is observed in Polokwane LM at kms followed by Blouberg km, Lepelle-nkumpi km, Aganang km, and Molemole at km.

    Car ownership is low and commuters depend on public transportation. Further, mobility of communities is a serious concern. The major public transport services in CDM are bus and taxi operations. Most roads in the CDM are in a poor state of repair. The rural roads are poorly designed and not maintained with specific attention to storm water drainage.

    There is also significant freight transport due to the mining activities in the district. Four in five persons walk to their various destinations due to a lack of public transport or a lack of money to pay for public or private transport. The Integrated Transport Plan indicates that there are taxi facilities within CDM, of which more than eighty percent are informal.

    The route utilisation survey revealed that approximately taxi vehicles provided service in the CDM during the morning and evening peak periods, 6am to 9am, and 3pm to 6pm respectively. The road conditions are generally very poor, especially in the rural areas. Poor road conditions are a significant factor on the operating life span of the vehicles, operating costs, and level of service to the passenger. There are four main points that are being operated by the metered taxis, and these are very informally operated within the CDM. The fee structure for these is not known, and there are no formal facilities for these operations.

    There are only seven metered taxis registered with the provincial Operating Licensing Board and few of the vehicles carry meters as required by the Road Traffic Act. The only rail line is the route from Tshwane to Musina with the Polokwane, Groenbult and Morebeng Stations being the major points of access for mainline passengers in the CDM area. The existing line, which runs as a double line between Tshwane North and Pienaars River, falls partly under the commuting area of the Gauteng Province. The whole rail network in the CDM is owned and operated by Spoornet, and the rail service only serves long distance passengers.

    Train facilities in the Capricorn District are restricted to the main station in Polokwane. The station has proper facilities but serves only mainline passengers and there are no commuters. Polokwane International Airport is the only commercial airport in the region from where both passenger services and freight movements are undertaken. Numerous private airstrips exist but are mainly used for Page 47 tourism and private purposes and not for bulk public transport purposes.

    Public transport is therefore based largely on the road network. The airport is significant in the Transportation System with specific attention to the World Cup , tourism, and freight. Polokwane International Airport is the main regional airport in Limpopo, linking Limpopo with the rest of the World. The use of Non-Motorised Transport is encouraged within the district. The ITP has identified the donkey carts and bicycles as forms of non-motorized transport.

    The main challenge for the municipality is the strategy for improving usage of these two nonmotorised modes of transport including safety measures, infrastructure, signage visibility , and regulatory mechanisms. The objective was to avail subsidised bicycles to learners travelling more than 5km to school. The learners contributed R Challenges A key challenge in transportation sector of the district is that most roads in the CDM are in poor state of repair ITP, Transportation costs are considered a key factor that affects competitiveness in the district. This affects other sectors of business including tourism as the accessibility of the district, and the province at large is made much costly due to high transport costs arising from the remoteness of the district in relation to other main economic centres of the country.

    Above all that transport functions and responsibilities were largely fragmented between and within the various spheres of government, that is, the national, provincial, and municipal spheres of government. This lead to difficulties with the effective management and co-ordination of providing effective transport services in the metropolitan areas. The current bus subsidy budget makes little provision for learner transport.

    Subsidised buses serve mainly peak hour commuters and offer limited off-peak services to learners, students and the elderly. Non-existence of transport authorities within the district is also a challenge. Figure 9: Educational Level within the District 2.

    Education Services 2. Lastly, the group of people with a diploma or higher degree such as a Bachelors, Honours, Masters, or Doctorate was the smallest group in the District. This means that the majority of the population has a low skill level and would either need job employment in low-skill sectors, or better education opportunities in order to improve the skills level of the area, and therefore their income levels.

    This means that emphasis must be placed on improving education levels in Capricorn District, in order to generate the required skills for economic development. According to the NPDID report August , the conditions of the majority of primary and secondary schools in the district are in a poor state. Among these groups, income and upward mobility opportunities are extremely limited in spite of high overall economic growth; they are unlikely to find employment in the short to medium term.

    The level of education in the District mirrors the occupation profile of the working age population in the area, which is described by a high percentage of people engaged in elementary professions Figure 8. The employed population who are engaged in the skilled professions such as plant and machine operators, craft and related trades workers, skilled agricultural workers, shop workers, market sales workers, and clerks create the largest skills group in the District constituting Within this skilled group, the most common occupations are service workers such as shop and market sales workers.

    More than half of them are technicians and associate professionals. Page 49 It is important to note that the above information reflects only the skills and occupation of the employed population and does not provide an insight into the skills available among those who are looking for jobs, as well as the discouraged job seekers. Since unemployment in the country is structural, in other words, there is a disparity between the skills supplied and skills required.

    It is possible that a certain percentage of the unemployed people are skilled, but they cannot find jobs in their field of expertise. For the community to access health and education services, the Departments of Education, and Health and Social Development have made efforts to spread physical infrastructure and mobile services throughout the district. Challenges The majority of residents have limited spatial access to social services and places of economic opportunity as they live in scattered settlements across a vast area far from the points of opportunity.

    They also do not have the financial resources to afford the forms of motorized transport currently available. Yet, even in the long-term, the lack of settlement concentration means that it will be extremely costly or even impossible for key social infrastructure to be located within walking distance of all settlements. This problem is particularly acute for those living in rural villages and on farms.

    In the absence of sufficient joint planning with provincial and national sector departments, the spatial choices made to guide the location of public investment in social services and facilities falls beyond the control of the CDM. To avoid this disjointedness the sector departments together with the district and local municipalities should align and work together in project planning and implementation. The alignment will assist in making sure that adequate resources are invested in the correct identified areas.

    Interventions The District aims to ensure availability of sustainable and accessible health services and facilities. CDM is in the process of refining its long-term strategy for the spatial development of the district and use it as a basis to engage sector departments and also a guiding tool for future investment location in people and infrastructure.

    Sports and Recreation 2. Status Quo Sports and recreational activities are coordinated by the Department of Sports, Arts and Culture in liaison with municipalities and other sector departments. There are established Sports and Recreation Councils in the district and in all the local municipalities. The Councils serve as a link between the department and federations. Apart from the Local Sports Councils, there is also a district Sports and Recreation Council constituted by members of the local Sports and Recreation Councils which is more of a coordinating structure between the district municipality, local municipalities and the Page 50 provincial government, particularly the Department of Sports, Arts and Culture.

    The development of sports in the district is still a challenge. Of all the fifty-three 53 sporting codes, soccer and netball are the most dominant within the district. This is due to the fact that the district is predominantly rural and, as such, the majority of our people do not have access to suitable sporting facilities, equipments and an adequate budget for development programmes. Safety and Security The municipality has abundance of potential with regard to Sports, Arts and Culture although not much has been exploited.

    The district population participates in activities organized by the Department of Sports, Arts and Culture, municipalities and sector departments, namely, the O. For recreational purposes, communities also participate in various indigenous games such as morabaraba, kgati etc. Challenges The challenges relates to the unavailability of theatres where artists can showcase their talents, the sports fields that needs to be developed to acceptable standards, limited number of libraries, promotion of arts and culture as well as the maintenance of community halls amongst others.

    However, there are limited activities taking place in this regard. The availability of sports and recreational facilities in the district will assist in the fight against crime. Although, municipalities have a legislative requirement to provide for safety and security services municipal policing , currently the municipalities within the district do not have the capacity to render these services.

    Lack of security is deemed to be one of the most damaging factors in business development as it negatively affects costs of doing business in the country and access to highly skilled labour. For the district to achieve economic growth, safety and security is required to attract investments and thus create jobs and poverty alleviation. Status Quo a Safety and Security Facilities In terms of law enforcement facilities, CDM has 15 police stations and 5 magistrates spread across its local municipalities.

    A significant decrease in the crime rate is observed. Challenges Aganang is served by only one police station and no magistrate courts, whereas Polokwane is the only location with a mobile, a trauma and a victim support centre. The district is challenged with regard to crime prevention infrastructure and efforts in that it has insufficient police stations, magistrates and satellite police stations; poorly equipped police stations; Poor visibility of police within communities; Lack of reliable local crime statistics impairing planning.

    However, the establishment and existence of the community policing forums and the sector policing managers will help a great deal with issues related to safety and security. Various communities express dissatisfaction with the level and quality of policing within their wards. It is also believed that crime is attributable to unemployment, alcohol and drug abuse, illiteracy levels, dark remote areas, bushy areas, too many shebeens, family violence, vacant houses and peer pressure amongst the others.

    However, the municipality has forged partnerships with SAPS in the fight against crime and have made budget available in that regard. The municipality is also in the process of developing by-laws to regulate on issues that lead to crime. CDM has also identified Crime prevention as one of the district-wide priorities. Crime prevention goes beyond the provision of police stations and police services. It implies that the broader communities in collaboration with all spheres of government have to be partners in crime prevention.

    In support of this priority, CDM will continue to collaborate with stakeholders to reduce the rate of crime in the district. To this effect a limited budget is available within the municipality as indicated above. Other objectives include rescue services, fire prevention and public education. Disaster risk management centre is located at the Polokwane fire station catering the entire district. Almost all communities in the district are affected in one way or the other by these hazards but of cause, the degree in which they are affected differs based on their vulnerability.

    The aim of this service in CDM is to be proactive in prevention of disasters, fires, reducing other risks in the area, provide excellent service to the community and those who are travelling through the area. Page 53 2. Lack of land for the re-location of the disaster centre. Lack of proper and insufficient vehicles and equipments two-way radio communication, control room equipment and call points that require upgrade in the fire and rescue services is still a challenge as they affect communication and the turnout time. Lack of fire and rescue service coverage at Aganang Local municipality area and the distance to be travelled to emergency incidents to render services in support of local municipalities is not effective and in line with the best practices.

    Transfer of Polokwane fire services to the District. Vacancies that are not filled. Interventions Polokwane Municipality was requested to provide land location: Sterkloop Portion CDM has purchased the emergency vehicles and equipments to address the turnaround problem associated with the provision of emergency services. Plans have been put in place to establish a fire and rescue service in the Aganang area.

    To achieve the objectives, CDM will improve communication networks for incident reporting; ensure compliance with the Disaster Management Act. Awareness on environmental issues will also be raised. It will conduct awareness campaigns and support community-based partnerships regarding fire and disaster management, including training the communities on the use of the equipment and materials procured. This means that no local municipalities are authorised to render MHS since that date in terms of legislation. Status Quo Whilst the definition includes only the below functions, it does not exclude other related functions.

    Although the transfer of functions to Capricorn District Municipality was completed from 1 July , a total number of 28 municipal health staff was only transferred to the District municipality on the 01st October It excludes port health, malaria control and control of hazardous substances. Section 78 processes of the Municipal Systems Act for municipal health services have been completed. The final arrangement for the provision of MHS within the district will be finalised once discussions between CDM and Polokwane have been completed.

    The Section 78 process for MHS as completed, have identified that CDM would need a total of 81 environmental health practitioners to perform this function instead of the current Since the District is the custodian of municipal health services, it has the authority for the adoption of uniform by-laws applicable and for the planning of the function MHS throughout its municipal area.

    However, district municipalities may delegate where appropriate to the local municipalities in its area of jurisdiction, the actual provision and the day-to-day management of the services in terms of the Service Level Agreement SLA. Challenges Currently the CDM area is underserviced due to understaffing, as identified by the Section 78 processes. Interventions The National Treasury will be approached to consider funding for this function to assist the municipality to fully capacitate and perform the MHS function efficiently and effectively.

    Telecommunications The community survey indicates that the use of telecommunication is satisfactory within the district. Internet, television and telephone facilities are the least used within the district. Figure Telecommunication Community survey, The study further indicates that Polokwane is the most advanced within the district with regard to the use of telecommunication at Molemole and Blouberg LMs are the least advanced in terms of telecommunications Page 55 both standing at 9.

    Status Quo 2. These areas are affected by factors such as illiteracy, lack of computer skills and lower household incomes that contribute to the urban-rural gap. The low penetration and quality of fixed line telecommunication services remains a key challenge in rural areas of the district.

    Although recent developments and cost reductions in wireless communication technology permit the availability of telecommunication services at any spot in the globe, there is still a cost barrier that rural communities will easily overcome. It is committed in meeting the infrastructure requirements of existing and future businesses and the Millennium Development Goals MDGs. Most people in CDM derive their income from the tourism industry and the informal sector. Many CDM households earn income from household spazas, hawking, or simple peddling of goods, especially in small villages and the townships.

    Majority of these households only trade around the time of specific events such as pension days and holidays. However, people in CDM have been driven into this situation due to necessity, which particularly affects femaleheaded families. A significant proportion of the population is also dependent on the income generated by others. Most residents have a limited prospect of generating an income through formal employment. The opportunity exists for a broad range of institutions and stakeholders to promote development programmes within CDM, but to a larger extent this is inhibited by a lack of coordination on the part of these stakeholders.

    To achieve these objectives five priorities are identified in line with district comparative and competitive advantages, namely: 1 Growing the first economy 2 Developing the second economy 3 Building knowledge economy 4 Land and infrastructure 5 Governance and partnership. Most of the institutions and stakeholders within CDM adopted a unilateral approach in addressing development programmes. There is a dire need to adopt an integrated approach in planning, identification, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development programmes.

    This would ensure that scarce resources are inwardly focused and utilized sparingly. There are several LED and poverty reduction initiatives currently underway, mostly by national and provincial government departments.